Part ⅡReading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
To emphasize the stagnation ( 死气沉沉 ) and the narrowness of the society depicted in Jane Austin’s novels is to take a narrow and mechanical view of them. Emma is not a period piece, nor is what is sometimes called a “comedy of manners”. We read it to illuminate not only the past but also the present. And we must face here in both its crudity and its important a question. Exactly what relevance and helpfulness does Emma have for us today?
In what sense does a novel dealing skillfully and realistically with a society and its standards,which are dead and gone forever,have value in our very different world today? Stated in such term, the question itself is unsatisfactory. If Emma today captures our imagination and engages our sympathies (as, in fact, it does), then either it has some genuine value for us, or else there is something wrong with the way we give our sympathy and our values are pretty useless.
Put this way, it is clear that anyone who enjoys Emma and then remarks “but of course it has no relevance today” is, in fact, debasing the novel, looking at it not as living, enjoyable work of art but as a mere dead picture of a past society.Such an attitude is fatal both to art and to life. It can be assumed that Emma has relevance. The helpful approach is to ask why this novel still has the power to move us today.
What gives Emma its power to move us is the realism and depth of feeling behind Jane Austin’s attitudes. She examines with a scrupulous (小心谨慎的) yet passionate and critical precision the actual problems of her world. That this world is narrow cannot be denied, but the value of a work of art rests on the depth and truth of the experience it communicates, and such qualities cannot be identified with the breath of the work’s panorama (概观). A conversation between two people in a grocery store may tell us more about a world war than a volume of dispatches from the front.The stilliest of all criticism of Jane Austen is the one that blames of the news papers she read. She wrote about what she genuinely understood, and artist can do more.
21. The main idea of the passage is that .
A) a narrow view of Emma is natural and acceptable
B) a novel should not depict a vanished society
C) a good novel is an intellectual rather than an emotional experience
D) Emma should be read with sensitivity and an open mind
22. The author would probably disagree with those critics or readers who find that the society in Jane Austin’s novel is .
A) unsympatheticB) uninterestingC) crudeD) authoritarian
23. The author implies that a work of art is probably judged on the basis of its .
A) universality of human experience truthfully recorded
B) popularity and critical acclaim in its own age
C) openness to varied interpretations, including seemingly contradictory ones
D) avoidance of political and social issues of minor importance
24. It can be inferred that the author considers the question stated and restarted in the passage to be unsatisfactory because it .
A) fails to assume that society and its standards are the proper concern of the novel
B) neglects to assume that a novel is a definable art form
C) suggest that our society and Jane Austin’s are quite different
D) wrongly states the criteria for judging a novel’s worth
25. The author’s attitude toward someone who “enjoys Emma and then remarks ‘but of course it has no relevance today’” can best be described as one of .
A) amusementB) astonishmentC) disapprovalD) resignation
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The media can impact current events. As a graduate student at Berkeley in the 1960s, I remember experiencing the events related to the People’s Park that were occurring on campus. Some of these events were given national media coverage in the press and on TV. I found it interesting to compare my impressions of what was going on with perceptions obtained from the news media. I could begin to see events of that time feed on news coverage. This also provided me with some healthy insights into the distinction between these realities.
Electronic media are having a greater impact on the people’s lives every day. People gather more and more of their impressions from representations. Television and telephone communications are linking people to a global village, or what one writer calls the electronic city. Consider the information that television brings into your home every day. Consider also the contact you have with others simply by using telephone. These media extend your consciousness and your contact. for example, the video coverage of the 1989 San Francisco earthquake focused on “live action” such as the fires or the rescue efforts. This gave the viewer the impression of total disaster. Television coverage of the Iraqi War also developed an immediacy. CNN reported events as they happened. This coverage was distributed worldwide. Although most people were far away from these events, they developed some perception of these realities.
In 1992, many people watched in horror as riots broke out on a sad Wednesday evening in Los Angeles, seemingly fed by video coverage from helicopters. This event was triggered by verdict (裁定) in the Rodney King beating. We are now in an age where the public can have access to information that enables it to make its own judgments, and most people, who had seen the video of this beating, could not understand how the jury（陪审团）was able to acquit (宣布…无罪)the policeman involved. Media coverage of events as they occur also provides powerful feedback that influences events. This can have harmful results, as it seemed on that Wednesday night in Los Angeles. By Friday night the public got to see Rodney King on television pleading. “Can we all get along?” By Saturday, television seemed to provide positive feedback as the Los Angeles riot turned out into a rally for peace. The television showed thousands of people marching with banners and cleaning tools. Because of that, many people turned out to join the peaceful event that saw unfolding on television. The real healing, of course, will take much longer, but electronic media will continue to be a part of that process.
26. The best title for this passage is .
A) The 1992 Los Angeles Riots
B) The Impact of Media on Current Events
C) The 1989 San Francisco Earthquake and the 1992 Los Angeles Riots
D) How media Cover Events
27. All the following statements are true EXCEPT that .
A) electronic media can extend one’s contact with the world
B) those living far away from a certain event can also have some perception of realities by watching television
C) all the events occurring on the university campus at Berkeley were given national media coverage
D) video coverage of the 1989 San Francisco earthquake gave the viewers the impression of total disaster
28. The term“electronic city”in paragraph 2 refers to .
A) Los Angeles B) San Francisco C) Berkeley D) Earth
29. The 1992 Los Angeles riots broke out because .
A) the jury acquitted the policemen who had beaten Rodney King
B) people can make their own judgments
C) video coverage from helicopters had made people angry
D) video coverage had provided powerful feedback
30. It can be inferred from the passage that.
A) media coverage of events as they occur can have either good or bad results
B) most people who had seen the video of the Rodney King beating agree with the verdict of the jury
C) the 1992 Los Angeles riots lasted a whole week
D) Rodney King seemed very angry when he appeared on television on Friday
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
African elephants have been slaughtered at alarming rate over the past decade, largely because they are the primary source of the world’s ivory. Their population has been dwindled from 1.3 million in 1979 to just 625,000 today, and the rate of killing has been accelerating in recent years because many of the older, bigger tusked animals have already been destroyed. “The poachers now must kill as many elephants to get the same quantity of ivory,” explained Curtis Bohlen, Senior vicepresident of the World Wildlife Fund.
Though its record on the environment has been spotty so far,the government last week took the lead in a major conservation issue by imposing a ban on ivory imports into the US.The move came just four days after a consortium of conservation groups,including the World Wildlife Fund and Wildlife Conservation International,called for that kind of action, and it made the US the first nation to forbid imports of both raw and finished ivory.The ban,says Bohlen,sends a very clear message to the ivory poachers that the game is over.
In the past African nations have resisted an ivory ban, but increasingly they realised that the decimation of the elephant herds poses a serious threat to their tourist business. Last month Tanzania and several other African countries called for an amendment to the 102nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species that would make the ivory trade illegal worldwide. The amendment is expected to be approved at an October meeting in Geneva and to go into effect next January. But between now and then, conversationists contend, poachers may go on a rampage, killing elephants wholesale, so nations should unilaterally forbid imports right away. The US government brought that argument, and by week’s end the twelvenation European Community had followed with its own ban.
31. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A) African Elephants and the Ivory Trade.
B) A Bid to Save the Elephant.
C) The Poachers.
D) Elephants in Danger.
32. According to the passage, “dwindle” means .
A) decreaseB) enlargeC) weakenD) elimilate
33. Since many of the older, bigger tusked animals have already been destroyed, what did the poacher do?
A) They gave up poaching.
B) They killed more elephants to get the same quantity of ivory.
C) To them, game is over.
D) They realized it was illegal to slaughter elephants.
34. Why did the African nations welcome an ivory ban?
A) The rate of killing has been accelerating.
B) The US government forbids imports of both raw and finished ivory.
C) They realised that the killing of elephants is a serious threat to their tourist business.
D) African people advocated an ivory ban.
35. What’s the author’s attitude?
A) Subjective.B) Neutral.C) Pessimistic.D) Active.
Questions 35 to 40 are based on the following passage.
Carbon dioxide makes up less than one percent of the Earth’s atmosphere. But the gas is very important to life on Earth. Scientists are finding that processes involving carbon dioxide affect our climate in ways that are difficult to understand.
Last month, a committee of the National Academy of Sciences in Washington released a report. It confirmed that world temperatures increased about sixtenths of a degree Celsius in the last one hundred years. The report also confirmed evidence that the level of carbon dioxide is increasing.
The best information about climate in the past comes from tests of ice many kilometers deep in Antarctica and Greenland. The tests show changes in temperature during the past fourhundredthousand years. These tests show that levels of carbon dioxide today are the highest ever measured. These findings have led scientists to believe that carbon dioxide is a major cause of climate warming.
Carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere when fuel is burned. Oil, coal and wood are all fuels that release the gas. When biological waste breaks down, it also releases carbon dioxide.
However, plants use carbon dioxide in the process called photosynthesis. This process provides food for almost all life on Earth. Some groups that support burning oil and coal want to increase the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. They oppose international efforts to control carbon dioxide.
Some scientists believe that forests and trees are able to capture large amounts of carbon dioxide from the air. Some groups even suggest that an increase in carbon dioxide could cause plants to grow faster.
A recent study in North Carolina found that more carbon dioxide in the air could cause trees to grow faster. But the researchers found the effect appears to last for only three years. Another study showed that much of the carbon dioxide that is taken in by trees is released within three years. The study noted that leaves release carbon dioxide when they fall from trees and break down in the soil. Plants also naturally release carbon dioxide through the process of respiration.
The natural balance of gases in the atmosphere is a complex scientific issue. The debate over carbon dioxide is only one part of efforts to understand world climate change.
36. Which one is NOT mentioned in this passage that can be the source of carbon dioxide?
A) Oil.B) Trees.C) Wood.D) Soil.
37. The committee report of National Academy of Sciences in Washington reveals that .
A) ice from Antarctica and Greenland is appropriate to show the change
B) carbon dioxide is released mainly from the fuel
C) level of carbon dioxide increases with global temperatures
D) carbon dioxide is helpful for tree growth
38. According to this passage, those people disagree with the control of carbon dioxide because .
A) they think that carbon is beneficial for plant growth
B) they want to use more fuels that can emit carbon dioxide
C) they think carbon dioxide is not the main reason for global warming
D) they think it will destroy the natural balance of gases in the world
39. The word “issue” in the last paragraph can be replaced as .
A) organB) topicC) publicationD) result
40. Those studies carried out in North Carolina suggest that .
A) trees’ function for absorbing carbon dioxide is limited
B) carbon dioxide is the main cause for global warming
C) leaves falling from trees can emit more oxygen
D) more carbon dioxide is beneficial for trees’growth for many decades
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary(20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best complete the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41. In the of my doctor, I should be well enough to travel by next week.
A) opinionB) convictionC) judgmentD) idea
42. She her wedding presents on the table.
A) presentedB) displayedC) exhibitedD) demonstrated
43. Contrary to my expectations, the experiment ended failure.
A) atB) toC) inD) till
44. These machines all look much the same, but each has its function.
A) extraordinaryB) specialC) peculiarD) exceptional
45. It took a week of investigation to get a reasonably account of the accident.
A) accurateB) preciseC) strictD) positive
46. After seven years’work, Chinese scientists the task of launching their country’s first spaceship in seven years.
A) achieveB) accomplishC) fulfillD) complete
47. The little boy at the funny-looking man for a few minutes before answering his question.
A) glaredB) staredC) gazedD) gaped
48. The service operates 36 libraries throughout the country,while six
libraries specially serve the countryside.
A) mobileB) shiftingC) driftingD) rotating
49. These young people’s to the City Council is considered brilliant.
A) proposalB) planC) plotD) scheme
50. The knife is a strong piece of against the defendant.
A) proofB) clueC) indicationD) evidence
51. She was overwhelmed with and couldn’t speak for a moment.
A) feelingB) sensitivityC) emotionD) reason
52. Before he sank into unconsciousness, he towards the window and managed to open it.
A) foughtB) struggledC) walkedD) dragged
53. In spite of all effort the doctors had done, her burns refuse to .
A) healB) reviveC) recoverD) survive
54. Although somehow abstract, the article is full of biblical and historical .
A) illusionB) allusionC) accountantsD) literarcy
55. We told him to prepare for the coming cold wave, but he simply our advice.
A) scornB) neglectC) denyD) ignore
56. Although thrift all his life, the man left the fortune to his son.
A) hugeB) immenseC) magnificentD) rich
57. The old building is in a good state of except for the wooden floors.
A) observationB) preservationC) conservationD) compensation
58. The council was asked to the engineer’s estimates for the coming year.
A) answerB) approveC) confirmD) converge
59. Is that a(n) Roman statue, or a modern copy?
A) authenticB) trueC) legitimateD) authorized
60. Babies begin to be sounds three months after they are born.
A) responsible forB) retort toC) responsive toD) reply
61. The world’s governments have done nothing to combat the threat of nuclear accidents.
A) inherentlyB) vitallyC) virtuallyD) identically
62. We were warned that even a slight in calculation might ruin the whole project.
A) mistakeB) faultC) flawD) error
63. The patient is in a critical state. He doesn’t pulling through this time.
A) bearB) have timeC) stand any chance ofD) desire
64. It is too noisy in the room, we had to use to get those trouble makers out of the place.
A) forceB) powerC) vigorD) strength
65. Parents often faced the between doing what they felt was good for the development of the child and what they could stand by way of undisciplined noise and destructiveness.
A) junctionB) premiseC) paradoxD) dilemma
66. I will get an exam tomorrow, so for reasons I won’t go out tonight.
A) directB) plainC) unknownD) obscure
67. The driver responsible for the accident was punished.
A) seriouslyB) totallyC) severelyD) clearly
68. My parents died young, but I have done well in this respect my other ancestors.
A) toB) forC) as regardsD) with
69. The man was sitting on the floor shivering with; a bullet had been fired through the window.
A) severityB) fearC) terrorD) excitement
70. The person who this type of research deserves our praise.
A) originatedB) manufacturedC) generatedD) estimated
Part ⅣCloze(15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Most worthwhile careers require some kind of specialized training. Ideally, therefore, the choice of an71 should be made even before the choice of a curriculum in high school. Actually,72 , most people make several job choices during their working lives,73 because of economic and industrial change and partly to improve74 positions. The “one perfect job” does not exist. Young people should75 enter into a broad flexible training program that will76 them for a field of work rather than for a single77 .
Unfortunately many young people have to make career plans78 benefit of help from a competent vocational counselor or psychologist. Knowing79 about the occupational world, or themselves for that matter, they choose their lifework on a hit-or-miss80 . Some drift from job to job. Others81 to work in which they are unhappy and for which they are not flitted.
One common mistake is choosing an occupation for82 real or imagined prestiges. Too many high-school students—or their parents for them—choose the professional field, 83 both the relatively small proportion of workers in the professions and the extremely high educational and personal84 . The imagined or real prestige of a profession or a “whitecollar” job is85 good reason for choosing it as a life’s work. 86 , these occupations are not always well paid. Since a large proportion of jobs are in mechanical and manual work, the87 of young people should give serious88 to these fields.
Before making an occupational choice, a person should have a general idea of what he wants89 life and how hard he is willing to work to get it. Some people desire social prestige, others intellectual satisfaction. Some want security; others are willing to take90 for financial gain. Each occupational choice has its demands as well as its rewards.
71. A) identificationB) entertainmentC) occupationD) accommodation
72. A) thereforeB) howeverC) thoughD) thereby
73. A) entirelyB) mainlyC) largelyD) partly
74. A) itsB) hisC) their D) our
75. A) thereforeB) sinceC) furthermoreD) forever
76. A) fit B) makeC) takeD) leave
77. A) wayB) jobC) meansD) company
78. A) toB) forC) withD) without
79. A) fewB) littleC) muchD) a lot
80. A) basisB) chanceC) purposeD) opportunity
81. A) applyB) appealC) turnD) stick
82. A) itsB) ourC) yourD) their
83. A) concerningB) followingC) disregardingD) considering
84. A) requirementsB) preferencesC) tendenciesD) ambitions
85. A) aB) anyC) theD) no
86. A) ThereforeB) HoweverC) MoreoverD) Nevertheless
87. A) massB) majorityC) minorityD) multitude
88. A) proposalB) suggestionC) appraisalD) consideration
89. A) towardsB) againstC) withoutD) out of
90. A) turnsB) partsC) risksD) choices
Part ⅤWriting (30 minutes)
Directions:for this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write an composition on the topic of Overseas Study at an Early Age. You should write no less than 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:
Overseas Study at an Early Age
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension
21. D22. B23. A24. D25. C26. B27. C28. D29. A30. A
31. B32. A33. B34. C35. B36. D37. C38. B39. B40. A
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary
41. A42. B43. C44. B45. A46. B47. B48. A49. A50. D
51. C52. B53. A54. B55. D56. A57. B58. B59. A60. C
61. C62. D63. C64. A65. D66. B67. C68. C69. B70. A
Part Ⅳ Cloze
71. C72. B73. D74. C75. A76. A77. B78. D79. B80. A
81. D82. A83. C84. A85. D86. C87. B88. D89. D90. C
Part Ⅴ Writing
Overseas Study at an Early Age
Nowadays more and more parents are eager to send their children to study abroad before they finish high school by whatever means and at whatever cost.
It is quite understandable for parents to send their children to study overseas because they place high expectations on their children. They are encouraged by the success stories of those who have completed their overseas study. With the development of economy, companies and institutions at home are giving more and more emphasis on overseas experiences, too.
Consequently, pursuing overseas study became a kind of short cut in gaining a better future. Moreover, there is still one underlying reason for this rush-economic reason. The rapid economic progress in the past few years in China has enabled more and more parents to afford the huge cost for their children’s overseas study.
As for me, overseas study is surely a helpful way to get both advanced knowledge and necessary experiences, but overseas study at an early age is neither necessary nor beneficial. The students may be too young to either tend for themselves or think for themselves. I do think that overseas study can contribute to one’s
self—improvement, but it’s better to be pursued after one has finished his college study at home, when he is more capable of learning and living on his own.