Part ⅠListening Comprehension(20 minutes)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
M: When shall we start our work, Jane?
W: Tomorrow at 9 o’clock. But we must work quickly, for we have to finish everything before 2 in the afternoon.
Q: For how long can they work?
You will read:
A) 2 hours
B) 3 hours
C) 4 hours
D) 5 hours
From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)“5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer ［A］ ［B］ ［C］ ［D］
1.A) The man should try to be more understanding.
B) The man’s wife should be more understanding.
C) The man’s negative attitude may be derived from his childhood.
D) The pessimism of man’s wife may be the result of her past experiences.
2.A) A snowstorm.B) An earthquake.C) A traffic accident.D) A hurricane.
3.A) The two speakers are classmates.
B) The man is majoring in elementary education.
C) The woman is majoring in elementary education.
D) The two speakers got to know each other in a class.
4.A) She’s got a stomachache.
B) She feels perfectly fine.
C) She’s going to get married.
D) She’s going to have a baby.
5.A) It is the best city he’s ever visited.
B) It was worse than he had expected.
C) It is difficult to get around in the city.
D) The hotel service is terrible in the city.
6.A) To encourage them.
B) To stop them immediately.
C) To give some explanation.
D) To leave them alone.
7.A) Unemployment.B) Family breakup.C) Mental problems.D) Drinking.
8.A) The woman is the man’s boss.
B) The man is the woman’s husband.
C) The woman is the headmaster of a school.
D) The woman wants to know something about a student.
9.A) They are attending a concert.
B) They are negotiating about a price.
C) They are planning to go for a date.
D) They are buying something for their firm.
10.A) The man is a football fan.
B) The man needs the woman’s help.
C) The man didn’t watch TV last night.
D) The man often has power failure at home.
In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (11); that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12) thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (13) clothes?
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14). A person’s selfconcept is (15) in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16). In general, the way people think about themselves has a (17) effect on all areas of their lives.
Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18). A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one:“you’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.”(19).
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20). People’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)
Directions:There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
Every profession or trade, every art, and every science has its technical vocabulary. Different occupations, however, differ widely in the character of their special vocabularies. In trades and handicrafts, and other vocations, like farming and fishery, that have occupied great numbers of men from remote times, the technical vocabulary, is very old. It consists largely of native words, or of borrowed words that have worked themselves into the very fiber of our language. Hence, though highly technical in many particulars, these vocabularies are more familiar in sound, and more generally understood, than most other technicalities. The special dialects of law, medicine, divinity, and philosophy have also, in their older strata, become pretty familiar to cultivated persons and have contributed much to the popular vocabulary. Yet every vocation still possesses a large body of technical terms that remain essentially foreign, even to educated speech. And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts. Here new terms are coined with the greatest freedom, and abandoned with indifference when they have served their turn. Most of the new coinages are confined to special discussions, and seldom get into general literature or conversation. Yet no profession is nowadays, as all professions once were, a close guild （行会）. The lawyer, the physician, the man of science, the divine, associated freely with his fellow-creatures, and does not meet them in a merely professional way. Furthermore, what is called "popular science" makes everybody acquainted with modern views and recent discoveries. Any important experiment, though made in a remote or provincial laboratory, is at once reported in the newspapers, and everybody is soon talking about it as in the case of the Roentgen rays and wireless telegraphy. Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace.
21.Special words used in technical discussion.
A) never last long
B) should be confined to scientific fields
C) may become part of common speech
D) are considered artificial language speech
22.It is true that.
A) everyone is interested in scientific findings
B) the average man often uses in his own vocabulary what was once technical language not meant for him
C) an educated person would be expected to know most technical terms
D) various professions and occupations often interchange their dialects and jargons
23.In recent years,there has been a marked increase in the number of technical terms in the terminology of.
A) fishery B) farming C) government D) sports
24.The writer of the article was, undoubtedly .
A) a linguist B) an attorney C) a scientist D) an essayist
25.The author’s main purpose in the passage is to.
A) describe a phenomenon
B) propose a solution
C) be entertaining
D) argue a belief
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
An important new industry, oil refining, grew after the Civil War. Crude oil, or petroleum—a dark, thick ooze（渗出物，分泌物）from the earth—had been known for hundreds of years. But little use had ever been made of it. In the 1850’s Samuel M. Kier, a manufacturer in western Pennsylvania, began collecting the oil from local seepage and refining it into kerosene. Refining, like smelting, is a process of removing impurities from a raw material.
Kerosene was used to light lamps. It was a cheap substitute for whale oil, which was becoming harder to get. Soon there was a large demand for kerosene. People began to search for new supplies of petroleum.
The first oil well was drilled by E.L.Drake,a retired railroad conductor.In 1859he began drilling in Titusville,Pennsylvania.The whole venture seemed so impractical and foolish that onlookers called it"Drake’s Folly."But when he had drilled down about 70 feet(21 meters),Drake struck oil.His well began to yield 20 barrels of crude oil a day.
News of Drake’s success brought oil prospectors to the scene. By the early 1860’s these wildcatters were drilling for "black gold" all over western Pennsylvania. The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement and Wild West atmosphere. And it brought far more wealth to the prospectors than any gold rush.
Crude oil could be refined into many products. For some years kerosene continued to be the principal one. It was sold in grocery stores and door-to-door. In the 1880’s and 1890’s refiners learned how to make other products such as waxes and lubricating oils. Petroleum was not then used to make gasoline or heating oil.
26.According to the passage, many people initially thought that E. L. Drake had made a mistake by .
A) moving Pennsylvania
B) retiring from his job
C) searching for oil
D) going on a whaling expedition
27.According to the passage, what is "black gold"?
A) gold ore B) stolen money C) whale oil D) crude oil
28.Why does the author mention the California gold rush?
A) To indicate the extent of United States mineral wealth.
B) To argue that gold was more valuable than oil.
C) To describe the mood when oil was first discovered.
D) To explain the need for an increased supply of gold.
29.The author mentions all of the following as possible products of crude oil EXCEPT.
A) gasoline B) kerosene C) wax D) plastic
30.What might be the best title for the passage?
A) Oil Refining: A Historical Perspective.
B) Kerosene Lamps: A Light in the Tunnel.
C) The California Gold Rush: Get Rich Quickly.
D) Private Property: Trespassers Will Be Prosecuted.
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
For about three centuries we have been doing science, trying science out, using science for the construction of what we call modern civilization. Every dispensable item of contemporary technology, from canal locks to dial telephones to penicillin, was pieced together from the analysis of data provided by one or another series of scientific experiments. Three hundred years seems a long time for testing a new approach to human interliving, long enough to settle back for critical appraisal of the scientific method, maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.
Voices have been raised in protest since the beginning, rising in pitch and violence in the nineteenth century during the early stages of the industrial revolution, summoning urgent crowds into the streets any day these days on the issue of nuclear energy. Give it back, say some of the voices, it doesn’t really work, we’ve tried it and it doesn’t work, go back three hundred years and start again on something else less chancy for the race of man.
The principle discoveries in this century, taking all in all, are the glimpses of the depth of our ignorance about nature. Things that used to seem clear and rational, matters of absolute certainty-Newtonian mechanics, for example-have slipped through our fingers, and we are left with a new set of gigantic puzzles, cosmic uncertainties, ambiguities; some of the laws of physics are amended every few years, some are canceled outright, some undergo revised versions of legislative intent as if they were acts of Congress.
Just thirty years ago we call it a biological revolution when the fantastic geometry of the DNA molecule was exposed to public view and the linear language of genetics was decoded. For a while, things seemed simple and clear, the cell was a neat little machine, a mechanical device ready for taking to pieces and reassembling, like a tiny watch. But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today’s imagining.
It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do. What lies ahead, or what can lie ahead if the efforts in basic research are continued, is much more than the conquest of human disease or the improvement of agricultural technology or the cultivation of nutrients in the sea. As we learn more about fundamental processes of living things in general we will learn more about ourselves.
31.What can’ t be inferred from the 1st paragraph?
A) Scientific experiments in the past three hundred years have produced many valuable items.
B) For three hundred years there have been people holding hostile attitude toward science.
C) Modern civilization depends on science so man supports scientific progress unanimously.
D) Three hundred years is not long enough to settle back critical appraisal of scientific method.
32.The principle discovery in this century shows .
A) man has overthrown Newton’ s laws of physics
B) man has solved a new set of gigantic puzzles
C) man has lost many scientific discoveries
D) man has given up some of the once accepted theories
33.Now scientists have found in the past few years.
A) the exposure of DNA to the public is unnecessary
B) the tiny cell in DNA is a neat little machine
C) man knows nothing about DNA
D) man has much to learn about DNA
34.The writer’s main purpose in writing the passage is to say that .
A) science is just at its beginning
B) science has greatly improved man’s life
C) science has made profound progress
D) science has done too little to human beings
35.The writer’s attitude towards science is .
A) critical B) approving C) neutral D) regretful
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
Efforts to educate people about the risks of substance abuse（毒品滥用）seem to deter some people from using dangerous substances, if such efforts are realistic about what is genuinely dangerous and what is not. Observed declines in the use of such drugs as LSD, PCP, and quaaludes since the early 1970s are probably related to increased awareness of the risks of their use, and some of this awareness was the result of warnings about these drugs in " underground "papers read by drug users. Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple "all drugs are terrible for you" message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed. This is illustrated by the popularity among young marijuana users of Reefer Madness, a widely unrealistic propaganda film against marijuana made in the 1930s. This film made the rounds of college campuses in the 1970s and joined rock music videos on cable television’s MTV in the 1980s. Instead of deterring marijuana use, it became a cult（风靡一时的）film among users, many of whom got high to watch it.
Although persuasion can work for some people if it is balanced and reasonable, other people seem immune to the most reasoned educational efforts. Millions have started smoking even though the considerable health risks of smoking have been well known and publicized for years. Moreover, the usefulness of education lies in primary prevention: prevention of abuse among those who presently have no problem. Hence, Bomier’s contention that "if the Pepsi generation can be persuaded to drink pop wine, they can be persuaded not to drink it while driving" is probably not correct, since most drunken driving is done by people who already have significant drinking problems, and hence seem not to be dissuaded even by much stronger measures such as loss of a driver’s license.
36.According to the passage, up to now, antidrug education.
A) has made all people see the danger of drugs
B) has succeeded in dissuading people from using drugs
C) has been effective only to a certain degree
D) has proved to be a total failure
37.The film "Reefer Madness" mentioned in the passage.
A) effectively deterred marijuana use
B) was rejected by young marijuana users
C) did not picture the danger of marijuana realistically
D) was welcomed by marijuana users because it told them how to get high
38.The message "all drugs are terrible for you" is not influential because.
A) it ignores the fact that drugs vary greatly in danger
B) it gives a false account of the risks of drug use
C) some drugs are good for health
D) it does not appear in underground papers
39.According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) Even balanced and reasonable antidrug persuasion is influential only to some people.
B) Most drug users are ignorant of the danger of drugs.
C) Punishments such as loss of a driver’s license do not seem to be an effective way to stop drunken driving.
D) Primary prevention is a useful principle to be followed in antidrug education.
40.The best title for the passage would be .
A) Are All Drugs Terrible for You?
B) Do People Believe What Underground Papers Say?
C) Is There an Increased Awareness of the Risks of Drugs?
D) Can Persuasion Reduce Drug Abuse?
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary and Structure (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
41.The British Library the right to a free copy of every new book published in the United Kingdom.
A) contains B) retires C) retains D) conveys
42.The secretary the foreign minister an interview he was to give that afternoon.
A) reminded … of
43. The way other people behave towards us influences how we ourselves.
A) conceive of B) consist of C) confront with D) conform to
44. I suppose some people create an idea of who they want to be and, they it.
A) work …over B) bear…out C) live…out D) get over
45.With the economy of the country growing strong, the mood is one of optimism .
A) presiding B) circulating C) floating D) prevailing
46. These technological advances in communication have the way people do business.
A) revolted B) represented C) adopted D) transformed
47. The workers of the textile mill that trade union leaders be elected from the workshops .
A) urged B) related C) combated D) adapted
48. It is a of our company to give refunds if goods are faulty.
A) policy B) discipline C) decision D) determination
49. friends helped him to get appointed ambassador to France .
A) Efficient B) Influential C) Impressive D) Effective
50.Their ambitious schemes for making money quickly.
A) took a chance
B) came to nothing
C) went into action
D) got to the point
51.She knew who wrote the letter, so without opening it she tore it into pieces.
A) in excitement
B) in disappointment
C) in disgust
D) in expectation
52.He had always been the way Ruth looked, and had never once paid her a compliment .
A) oblivious to B) guilty of C) wary of D) subject to
53.Familarity with a wide range of idiomatic expressions, and the ability to use them appropriately, are among the distinguishing marks of a native like command of English.
A) in context B) in practice C) in place D) in case
54.We are still things here, but I can’t guarantee the situation will stay that way.
A) in memory of
B) in search of
C) in control of
D) in need of
55.Democratic government is a phrase that is notoriously hard to.
A) credit B) defy C) modify D) define
56.Bill is rich. His house is full of such as expensive high-tech video systems and all the latest computer equipment.
A) luxuries B) festivities C) dimensions D) instruments
57.She is quite capable, but the problem is that she is not.
A) consistent B) insistent C) beneficent D) resistant
58.Based on the that every business is now free to formulate its own strategy in light of the changing market, I would predict a market improvement in the efficiency of China’s economy.
A) guidance B) instruction C . premise D) eminence
59.Nurses should do all they can to make their patients feel .
A .on board B) at ease C) at leisure D) at heart
60.The accused was to have been the leader of the plot to overthrow the government.
A) reconciled B) blended C) alleged D) referred
61. She the letter, put it in the envelope and handed it to her father.
A) folded B) wrapped C) rolled D) slided
62. In the last century, new drugs have improved health throughout the world.
A) inconsistently B) supposedly C) notedly D) markedly
63. Now a paper argues that organic chemicals in the rock come mostly from on earth rather than bacteria on Mars.
64. When he went to the airport for the ticket, Tom suddenly realized that his passport had for half a year.
A) abolished B) expired C) amended D) constrained
65. Since the information was easily, we found it immediately.
A) acceptable B) accessory C) accessible D) possible
66.There is no known cure for SARS, but doctors are developing ways to help sufferers it.
A) retard B) eliminate C) dispense D) handle
67. She was her brains to remember the man’s time, but her bad memory failed her.
A) hitting B) beating C) racking D) exhausting
68. Many apartments have doors with a security window so that one may outside and observe visitors without being seen.
A) peer B) peek C) peel D) pile
69. French cars are more elegantly styled than their British .
A) counterparts B) equals C) ones D) copies
70. After failing his driving test four times, he finally trying to pass.
A) gave up B) gave away C) gave off D) gave in
Part Ⅳ Error Correction (15 minutes)
Directions:This part consists of a short passage. In this passage, there are altogether 10 mistakes, one in each numbered line. You may have to add a word, cross out a word, or change a word. Mark out the mistakes and put the corrections in the blanks provided. If you cross out a word, put a slash in the blank.
The place of the child in society has varied for thousands of
years and has been effected by different cultures and religions.In 71___.
ancient times unwanted children were occasionally abandoned,
put to death, exploiting or offered for religious sacrifices, and in 72___.
any event a large percentage of them didn’t survive their physi
cally hazardous existence to reach to maturity. 73___.
In western civilization within the last few hundred years,
there have been many changes in attitude with the young. In agri 74___.
cultural Europe, and later with the beginning of the Industrial
Revolution, the children of the poor work long hours for little or 75___.
no pay, and there was no public concern on their safety or welfare 76___.
punishment could be brutal and severe.
By the eighteenth century the harsh and severe methods be
gan to show any change. Society slowly accorded(给予) children 77___.
a role of importance. Books were written expressly for them and
gradually laws were passing for their protection. Efforts were 78___.
made to create for them a life better than their parents! 79___.
In the past few decades parents have become more and more
attentive for the needs of their children.Better health care is avail
able and education is no longer reserving for the children from 80___.
Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)
Economic Development and Moral Decline
1.M:I couldn’t put up with my wife any longer. I don’t know why she usually wants to look at everything in such a negative way.
W:Maybe you should try to get to know something about her childhood.
Q:What does the woman mean?
2.M:Lucy, could you describe what you were doing at the moment?
W:Well, I was still sleeping at 6 o’clock. Then there was this horrible sound and the floor was just bouncing and rolling like waves, all at the same time.
Q:What are the speakers talking about?
3.W:Hi, Peter. I was surprised to see you in the class in children’s literature yesterday. Are you also majoring in elementary education?
M:No, I’m not. But as a psychology major I can use this to fulfill the requirement in developmental psychology.
Q:What do you learn from the conversation?
4.W:Dr. Cassidy. I’m actually fine. It’s just that I’ve been a little tired the last few days, and my stomach is kind of upset.
M:Well, that doesn’t surprise me. I have some news that you might find exciting. You’re pregnant.
Q:What do you know about the woman?
5.W:Mike, how did you enjoy your trip? What did you think of Los Angeles?
M:It was alright. I liked it better than I thought I would. The problem is transportation. The bus service is terrible, and they don’t have a subway.
Q:What does the man think of Los Angeles?
6.W:Dr. Weinstein, should parents let their children watch television or read about the war?
M:If parents are going to let their kids read or watch television coverage of the war, it’s important for them to read along and help their kids interpret what they’re reading or seeing.
Q:What should parents do if their children watch television or read about the war?
7.W:Tony, who are the street people? How did they get to be living in the street?
M:Well, some of them lost their jobs, some of them have mental problems, and some of them drink.
Q:Which of the following factors is not mentioned as a cause of becoming street people.?
8.M:Miss Hanson, thank you for sending me this note. I’m sorry to hear Mario is being a problem.
W:I’m not sure what’s happening to Mario. He’s usually an excellent student. He completes all his work and he’s quiet in class. Then, last month, he just changed.
Q:What can you infer from the conversation?
9.W:This is our rockbottom price, Mr. Li. We can’t make any further concessions.
M:If that’s the case, there’s not much point in further discussion. We might as well can the whole deal off.
Q:What are the man and the woman doing?
10.W:You don’t look smart this morning. I can see you’re not happy. Come on, what happened?
M:I had never expected this would have happened to me. We had a power failure at home last night and I missed most of football match.
Q:What can we infer from the conversation?
Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and (11)selfconscious; that is, they are excessively concerned with their own appearance and actions. (12)Worrisome thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing (13)unattractive clothes?
It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people (14)adversely. A person’s selfconcept is (15)reflected in the way he or she behaves, and the way a person behaves affects other people’s (16)reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a (17)profound effect on all areas of their lives.
Shy people are very sensitive to criticism; they feel it confirms their inferiority. (18)They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise. A shy person may respond to a compliment with a statement like this one：“You’re just saying that to make me feel good. I know it’s not true.” (19)It is clear that, while selfawareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful.
Can shyness be completely eliminated, or at least reduced? (20)Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of selfesteem, it is important for people to accept their weaknesses as well as their strengths. People’s expectations of themselves must be realistic. Living on the impossible leads to a sense of inadequacy.
【详细解答】女士问父母应不应该让孩子观看战争题材的电视或书籍，医生说如果让他们看的话，父母应该陪在旁边，并帮助他们理解所看或所读内容。关键词是along（而不是alone）和help sb. interpret（帮助某人理解，即“解释”）。
【详细解答】女士说出她的最低价，并表示不能再让步；男士说既然如此，就无需再讨论了，他们将取消整笔交易。关键词是rock bottom price（最低价），can the whole deal off（取消整笔交易，can在此为动词，表示解雇，取消）。
【详细解答】从本句结构来看，空处应填一个形容词，而且修饰thoughts（想法）。羞怯的人心中常常会有什么样的想法呢？从录音中很容易听出worry这个词的音，但该词不能作形容词用。那么以worry的音开头的形容词有哪些呢？有worried， worrying， worrisome， worriless。从意思上看，worriless应该去掉。再结合该单词的后半部分发音，可知应该填worrisome（使人烦恼的）。
【详细解答】从本句意思来看，说的是上述提及的一些不舒服的感觉会影响人们，所以这种影响肯定是负面的或不利的；再从句子结构来看，前半部分是完整的句子，所以空处应该是一个状语，只填一个词的话，那么应是一个副词。表示“负面的，不利的”含义的一个副词，再结合发音，可以得知是adversely，本词是典型的adj. + ly 构成的副词。
18.【答案】They also find it difficult to be pleased by compliments because they believe they are unworthy of praise.
【详细解答】本空要求填一个句子。填句子的基本要求是与前后句在意思上要连贯，没有语法和拼写错误。本空前面是讲羞怯的人对于批评很敏感，后面是说他们通常会说一些消极的话来回应别人的称赞，那么空处的意思应该是讲他们对待称赞的态度，而且这种态度肯定是不高兴的。其中有一个关键词compliment，后面已经出现了。再结合发音，可以得知该句是带有原因状语从句的一个复合句，从句中难点是unworthy of praise，也可以写成they don’t deserve praise。
19.【答案】It is clear that， while self-awareness is a healthy quality， overdoing it is harmful.
20.【答案】Since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self-esteem， it is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths.
【详细解答】本句话是回答前面的问句。前面问：羞怯感能否完全消除，或者减弱？作者紧接着侧面回答了如何来减弱。当听到since这个词引导从句时，应该想到本句又是一个带状语从句的复合句。有几个短语：hand in hand with（手拉手，紧紧相连），as well as（也……，和……一起），关键词有self-esteem（该词的形近词前面已经出现了几次），weakness和strength一对反义词。在听第二遍和第三遍时应重点抓住这些短语和关键词，整个句子便可轻松写出来。
【详细解答】见文章最后一句话，Thus our common speech is always taking up new technical terms and making them commonplace. 说明人们在日常谈话中总会使用一些新的专有词汇使之成为日常用语。这一思想与答案C一致。
【详细解答】该段文章的段中有一句话：And the proportion has been much increased in the last fifty years, particularly in the various departments of natural and political science and in the mechanic arts.说明自然科学、政治学及机械学领域的术语增加最快，只有答案C符合这种说法。
本文讲述的美国内战后发展起来的新兴工业——炼油业的相关情况。19世纪50年代一位名叫Samuel M. Kier的人首次炼出了煤油。它的出现取代了鲸油供人们电灯照明。E. L. Drake是第一个钻井成功的人。他的成功为以后大量的勘探者带来了取之不尽的财富。
【译文】许多人开始时认为E. L. Drake搜寻石油的做法是错误的。
【详细解答】根据文章第三段对该事件的描述，得知E. L. Drake这位退休列车长试图在 Pennsylvania 的Titusville钻井，但旁观者认为其行为很不现实甚至很愚蠢，直到他打到70英尺深处打出石油。因此，答案应是C。
【详细解答】文章第一段第二句话对原油进行了明确的介绍：原油也叫石油，是地下的一种黑色渗出物。这里的“黑色渗出物”也就是第3段谈到的E. L. Drake试图开采的东西，即第4段所谓的black gold（黑色黄金）。因此，正确答案是D。
【详细解答】文章第4段提到加州淘金热时，原文写道：The boom rivaled the California gold rush of 1848 in its excitement…意思是说（当时人们投入开采“黑色黄金”的）热潮可以与1848年的加州淘金热相媲美。这显然是为了向读者描述石油被首次发现时带给人们的激动情绪，因此选C。
【详细解答】根据文章第一段就得知煤油（B. kerosene）是原油提炼出来的；再根据文章最后一段，得知汽油（A. gasoline）和蜡（C. wax）也是由原油生产而来，所以本题的正确答案应是D。
【详细解答】根据全文内容，本文主要是介绍炼油的历史，正确答案是A。选项B, C, D的中心词分别是“煤油灯”、“加州淘金热”、“私有财产”，显然都不妥。
【详细解答】文章第一段提到：…maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.也就是说，对于将科学继续进行下去，人们观点不一。并且下文就不同的观点进行了详细的阐述，因此答案C是正确的。与之相比较，其他三个选项均是错误的。
【详细解答】见文章第3段，尤其是最后几句话，…some of the laws of physics are amended every few years, some are canceled outright, some undergo revised versions of legislative intent as if they were acts of Congress. 得知人类对理论所采取的做法是修正，摈弃，甚至采取立法手段等，因此正确答案是D。
【详细解答】承接第4段末尾人们对DNA的再认识（But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today’s imagining.），作者在第5段指出了对DNA研究的态度：继续深入地开展下去。由此确定答案为D。
【详细解答】文章的最后一段明确指出，It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do.从而清楚地将作者的观点公之于众，那就是说，科学刚刚起步，面前的路还很长很长。因此答案应是A。虽然科学取得了很大进展（C），大大改善了人们的生活（B），但这都不是本文的写作目的。
【详细解答】文章第一段所述，antidrug education既没有完全失败（选项D. a total failure），也不是如选项A，B那样使所有的人都意识到了吸毒的危害，而是Observed declines in the use of such drugs…即在某种程度上了解了其危害，所以只有C是正确的。
【详细解答】见文章第一段最后几行，了解到…Reefer Madness, a widely unrealistic propaganda film against marijuana made in the 1930s.也就是说，这部电影是一部相当不真实的反大麻宣传影片，因此正确答案是C。
【详细解答】见文章第1段中部，Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple “all drugs are terrible for you” message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed.明确得知答案是A。
【详细解答】见文章第1段中部，Such sources are influential, because they do not give a simple “all drugs are terrible for you” message. Drug users know there are big variations in danger among drugs, and antidrug education that ignores or denies this is likely to be ridiculed. 得知吸毒者了解毒品在危害性上差异很大，因此答案是B。
【详细解答】remind of的意思是“提醒某人某事”；reassure about的意思是“使确信”；consult about的意思是“咨询某事”；question to没有这个结构。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是A。
【详细解答】conceive of的意思是“认为，以为，想象”；consist of的意思是“包括，包含”；confront with的意思是“使某人面对”；conform to的意思是“遵守，遵从，与…相一致”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是A。
【详细解答】took a chance的意思是“抓住机会”；came to nothing的意思是“化为泡影”；went into action的意思是“开始行动”；got to the point的意思是“适当地，得要领地”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是B。
【详细解答】in excitement的意思是“激动地”，这在意思上与整个句子的意思不一致；in disappointment的意思是“失望地”，与整句话的意思相一致；in disgust的意思是“憎恨地”，与选项B相比在意思上不够合适；in expectation的意思是“期望地”，在感情色彩上与整个句子不合拍。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是B。
【详细解答】oblivious to的意思是“对…不注意”；guilty of的意思是“对…有负罪感”；wary of的意思是“小心的，机警的，慎重的”；subject to的意思是“屈服于”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是A。
【详细解答】in context的意思是“在上下文中”；in practice的意思是“在实践中”；in place的意思是“代替”；in case的意思是“万一”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是B。
【详细解答】in memory of的意思是“为纪念…”；in search of的意思是“寻找，寻求，试图发现”；in control of的意思是“管理，掌握”；in need of的意思是“需要”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是D。
【详细解答】on board的意思是“在船上，在飞机上”；at ease的意思是“放松，稍息”；at leisure的意思是“空闲的，有空的”；at heart的意思是“在心底，实际上”。根据整句话的意思和搭配判断，我们可知本题的正确答案是B。
【详细解答】fold是及物动词，意思是“折叠”；wrap是及物动词，意思是“把…用…包起来”；roll是及物动词，意思是“滚动，转动，把…搓成卷”；slide是不及物动词，意思是“顺着…滑动”。fold the letter是常用短语，意思是“把信折起来”。况且，根据我们的常识判断，我们也会知道是“把信折起来”。故本题的正确答案选A。
【详细解答】hit是及物动词，意思是“击，打”；beat是及物动词，意思是“打，战胜”；rack是及物动词，意思是“过度剥削”；exhaust是及物动词，意思是“使筋疲力尽”。结合整句话的意思和结构，我们可知只有rack才能与brains一起构成固定搭配rack one’ s brains。故本题的正确答案选C。
【详细解答】gave up的意思是“放弃”；gave away的意思是“送掉，赠送”；gave off意思是“发出，释放出”；gave in意思是“屈服”。结合整句话的意思和结构，我们可知本题内容概要:
【详解】effect 是名词，影响，而此处需要动词，因此改作affect v.
【详解】concern 后接for 表示“对…表示关注”
这是一篇要求考生就经济发展和道德堕落这一社会现实进行论述的议论文. 全文分三个部分. 第一段是引言: 引入主题和主题句. 第二段是正文部分: 指出道德堕落的社会现实现象. 第三段结论部分: 总结全文, 提出解决问题的办法。
Economic Development and Moral Decline
These years, the economy in China is advancing by leaps and bounds. With this swift development, people’s life is better off and they get much more money to spend. But it’s human nature that they want to get even more. Money worship is sweeping across the whole country. With the popular misconception that money is everything, many immoral social phenomena have emerged. One of them is moral decline.
Leaving the theft, robbery aside, corrupt conducts are getting more rampant. For instance, offering and taking bribes is becoming increasingly a social malady in the privileged class. For businessmen, they have a different morality which permits them to willfully produce ineffective or even dangerous products, advertise their products dishonestly. For some richest persons, they get confused about their life. They are occupied with nothing all day long and don’t know how to make themselves more satisfied, as a result they take drugs, among many other unlawful practices, to seek fun. They have money, but they have lost their aim in life and can’t find happiness.
Am I suggesting that we should discard all the money and go back to the “poor days”? No! the wheel of history can’t be stopped. But if moral decline is the inevitable product of the economic development, we can certainly lay down some effective laws to stop the degeneration. If so, a bright and healthy future is sure to come and stay with us!
credit n. 功劳，荣誉， 赞扬；信用，信贷， 赊欠。
to one’s credit: 为某人带来荣誉。
insight n. 洞察力;
have a quick insight into… 对……有敏锐的洞察力。深刻见解，深入了解；
gain an insight into one’s mind 很了解某人的思想。
integrity n. 正直，诚实;
personality n. (鲜明的)个性
indulge v. 沉溺于；使高兴，使享受；纵容，迁就。
conduct v. 经营，处理，管理
advocate v. 提倡，倡导。
confirmation n. 证实；确认，批准。
prevail vi 后常接over，意思是：战胜；流行。
anticipate vt 预料，预期；先发制人，（抢先行动来）阻止。
carry off: 赢得(奖章),成功或轻而易举地处理或应付。
touch on: 关系到，涉及；（简单或顺便）谈到或提到。
be attributed to 归因于。
be dedicated to 把（时间，精力等）用于，把（自己，一生等）献给（后跟to）。