| 2006年1月大学英语四级考试预测样卷2 |
|Part I Listening Comprehension (35 points,35 minutes)|
Part A (15 points, 15 minutes)
Directions: In part A, you will hear short conversations between two people. After each conversation, you will hear a question about the conversation. The questions and the questions will not be repeated. After you hear a question , read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
1. (A) Go to the basketball game.
(B) Try to postpone the game.
(C) Go to work
(D) Change her work schedule.
2. (A) The man should consider changing jobs.
(B) The style of the suit is out-of-date.
(C) The color of the suit is not appropriate.
(D) The man should buy the suit.
3. (A) He thinks they should study at the woman's apartment.
(B) He won't have much time to study.
(C) His apartment is messy.
(D) His apartment is in a noisy area.
4. (A) He lost Pam's notes.
(B) He tried to call Pam yesterday.
(C) He wants the woman to call Pam.
(D) He forgot to return the notes to Pam.
5. (A) Speak to his teacher about the presentation.
(B) Record himself practicing the presentation.
(C) Listen to a tape of her presentation.
(D) Ask someone else to do the presentation.
6. (A) Stop bothering the woman.
(B) Take the woman's book with him.
(C) Show the woman how to get to the library.
(D) Ask someone else to go to the library.
7. (A) He isn't very hungry right now.
(B) He regularly eats at his restaurant.
(C) The selection on the menu is limited.
(D) He doesn't want salad with his lunch.
8. (A) She's still looking for an apartment.
(B) She was told the dorm was full.
(C) She doesn't plan to move.
(D) She wants to move out of the dorm.
9. (A) She knows the man's sister.
(B) She wants to watch her sister play.
(C) She thinks the man is a good soccer player.
(D) She isn't interested in soccer.
10. (A) He'll schedule the woman for an afternoon appointment.
(B) He can't schedule an appointment for the woman.
(C) Dr. Anderson will call the woman back soon.
(D) Dr. Anderson's schedule is full.
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear longer conversations. After each conversation you will hear several questions. The conversations and questions will not be repeated.
After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to your letter of the answer you have chosen.
Remember, you are not allowed to take notes or write in your test book.
11. (A) It's only open to poetry majors.
(B) It requires another class first.
(C) It's already full.
(D) It's only offered in the morning.
12. (A) The class meets during his working hours.
(B) The class is too far away.
(C) He has another class at the same time.
(D) He's already familiar with the material.
13. (A) All the other work schedules conflict with his classes.
(B) He doesn't want to ask his boss for another favor.
(C) He wants to work the same schedule as his friends.
(D) He likes to do his homework in the evenings.
14. (A) Its courses cost less.
(B) It has a pool.
(C) The class size is smaller.
(D) It may offer the class he needs during the day.
15. (A) An experiment in Antarctica.
(B) The breaking off of part of the Larsen Ice Shelf.
(C) The formation of the Larsen Ice Shelf.
(D) An expedition in Antarctica.
Part B (20 points,20 minutes)
In this part of the test you will hear several talks. After each talk, you will hear some questions. The talks and questions will not be repeated.
After you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your test book and choose the best answer. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen.
16. (A) How most species of spiders reproduce.
(B) How one species of spider feed its young.
(C) How spiders defend their territory.
(D) How Darwin experimented with spiders.
17. (A) They eat one another.
(B) They eat insects that they catch.
(C) They build a new nest.
(D) They are attacked by other species of spiders.
18. (A) No two members of a species are exactly alike.
(B) A single species may evolve into two separate species.
(C) Primitive life-forms evolve into more advanced life-forms.
(D) The survival of the strongest in a species contributions to the survival of that species.
19. (A) Early newspapers in England.
(B) The early history of magazines.
(C) The life of Daniel Defoe.
(D) Differences between newspapers and magazines.
20. (A) Its publication was banned by the British government.
(B) It was the first weekly newspaper.
(C) It caused a prison revolt.
(D) It was the first magazine ever published.
21. (A) It had many more pages than newspapers.
(B) It was given away for free.
(C) It dealt with issues rather than events.
(D) It was more widely available than newspapers.
22. (A) He wrote articles of the Church of England.
(B) He refused to stop publishing the Review.
(C) He refused to pay publishing taxes.
(D) He refused to join the Church of England.
23. (A) It was not really a magazine.
(B) It featured a variety of articles and stories.
(C) It was praised by readers of poetry.
(D) It was unpopular with politicians.
24. (A) How artists gained fame.
(B) A schedule of art exhibits.
(C) One form of folk art.
(D) The preservation of old paintings.
25. (A) Very few were produced.
(B) Most were kept only a short time.
(C) Most were printed on delicate paper.
(D) Many have been acquired by collectors.
Section B Compound Dictation
The Library of Congress is America’s national library. It has more than one-hundred-twenty-million books and other objects. It has newspapers, S1____ publications and letters of S2____interest. It also has maps, photographs, art S3____, movies, sound recordings and musical S4____.The Library of Congress is open to the public Monday through Saturday, except for government holidays. Anyone may go there and read anything in the collection. But no one is S5____ to take books out of the building.
The Library of Congress was S6____ in eighteen-hundred. It started with eleven boxes of books in one room of the Capitol Building. By eighteen-fourteen, the collection had increased to about three-thousand books. They were S7____ that year when the Capitol was burned during America’s war with Britain.
To help re-build the library, Congress bought the books of President Thomas Jefferson. Mister Jefferson’s collection included seven-thousand books in seven languages. S8____. Today, three buildings hold the library’s collection.S9____. It buys some of its books and gets others as gifts. It also gets materials through its copyright office.S10____. This means the Library of Congress receives almost everything published in the United States.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 points, 25minutes)
Section I Careful reading (25points, 20minutes)
There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
The train clattered over points and passed through a station. Then it began suddenly to slow down, presumably in obedience to a signal. For some minutes it crawled along, then stopped; presently it began to move forward again. Another up-train passed them, though with less vehemence than the first one. The train gathered speed again. At that moment another train, also on a down-line, swerved inwards towards them, for a moment with almost alarming effect. For a time the two trains ran parallel, now, one gaining a little, now the other. Mrs. McGillicuddy looked from her window through the window of the parallel carriages. Most of the blinds were down, but occasionally the occupants of the carriages were visible. The other train was not very full and there were many empty carriages.
At the moment when the two trains gave the illusion of being stationary, a blind in one of the carriages flew up with a snap. Mrs. McGillicuddy looked into the lighted first-class carriage that was only a few feet away.
Then she drew her breath in with a gasp and half-rose to her feet.
Standing with his back to the window and to her was a man. His hands were round the throat of a woman who faced him, and he was slowly, remorselessly, strangling her. Her eyes were starting from their sockets, her face was purple. As Mrs. McGillicuddy watched, fascinated, the end came; the body went limp and crumpled in the man’s hands.
At the same moment, Mrs. McGillicuddy’s train slowed down again and the other began to gain speed. It passed forward and a moment or two later it had vanished from sight.
Almost automatically Mrs. McGillicuddy’s hand went up to the communication cord, then paused, irresolute. After all, what use would it be ringing the cord of the train in which she was travelling? The horror of what she had seen at such close quarters, and the unusual circumstances, made her feel paralysed. Some immediate action was necessary,—but what?
The door of her compartment was drawn back and a ticket collector said, “Ticket, please.”
26. When Mrs. McGuillicuddy’s train passed through a station, it___.
A. gained speed suddenly B. kept its usual speed C. changed its speed D. stopped immediately
27. Mrs. McGuillicuddy seems to be a (an) ___ person.
A. observant B. interested C. nosy D. nervous
28. What she saw in the parallel train made her feel___.
A. excited B. anxious C. worried D. horrified
29. She didn’t ring the communication cord immediately because___.
A. she was very much afraid
B. there was no point of doing so
C. she was too shocked to move
D. the ticket collector came in
I am one of the many city people who are always saying that given the choice we would prefer to live in the country away from the dirt and noise of a large city. I have managed to convince myself that if it weren’t for my job I would immediately head out for the open spaces and go back to nature in some sleepy village buried in the county. But how realistic is the dream?
Cities can be frightening places. The majority of the population live in massive tower blocks, noisy, dirty and impersonal. The sense of belonging to a community tends to disappear when you live fifteen floors up. All you can see from your window is sky, or other blocks of fiats. Children become aggressive and nervous - cooped up at home all day, with nowhere to play; their mothers feel isolated from the rest of the world. Strangely enough, whereas in the past the inhabitants of one street all knew each other, nowadays people on the same floor in tower blocks don’t even say hello to each other.
Country life, on the other hand, differs from this kind of isolated existence in that a sense of community generally binds the inhabitants of small villages together. People have the advantage of knowing that there is always someone to turn to when they need help. But country life has disadvantages too. While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, it is also true that you are cut off from the exciting and important events that take place in cities. There’s little possibility of going to a new show or the latest movie. Shopping becomes a major problem, and for anything slightly out of the ordinary you have to goon an expedition to the nearest large town. The city-dweller who leaves for the country is often oppressed by a sense of unbearable stillness and quiet.
What, then, is the answer? The country has the advantage of peace and quiet, but suffers from the disadvantage of being cut off: the city breeds a feeling of isolation, and constant noise batters the senses. But one of its main advantages is that you are at the centre of things, and that life doesn’t come to an end at half-past nine at night. Some people have found (or rather bought) a compromise between the two: they have expressed their preference for the “quiet life” by leaving the suburbs and moving to villages within commuting distance of large cities. They generally have about as much sensitivity as the plastic flowers they leave behind—they are polluted with strange ideas about change and improvement which they force on to the unwilling original inhabitants of the villages.
What then of my dreams of leaning on a cottage gate and murmuring “morning” to the locals as they pass by. I’m keen on the idea, but you see there’s my cat, Toby. I’m not at all sure that he would take to all that fresh air and exercise in the long grass. I mean, can you see him mixing with all those hearty malesdown the farm? No, he would rather have the electric imitation-coal fire any evening.
30. We get the impression from the first paragraph that the author___.
A. used to live in the country
B. used to work in the city
C. works in the city
D. lives in the country
31. In the author’s opinion, the following may cause city people to be unhappy EXCEPT___.
A. a strong sense of fear B. lack of communicationC. housing conditions D. a sense of isolation
32. The passage implies that it is easy to buy’ the following things in the country EXCEPT___
A. daily necessities B. fresh fruits C. designer clothes D. fresh vegetables
33. According to the passage, which of the following adjectives best describes those people who work in large cities and live in villages?
A. Original. B. Quiet. C. Arrogant. D. Insensitive.
34. Do you think the author will move to the country?
A. Yes, he will do so. B. No, he will not do so.C. It is difficult to tell. D. He is in two minds.
Traditionally, the woman has held a low position in marriage partnerships. While her husband went his way, she had to wash, stitch and sew. Today the move is to liberate the woman, which may in the end strengthen the marriage union.
Perhaps the greatest obstacle to friendship in marriage is the amount a couple usually see of each other. Friendship in its usual sense is not tested by the strain of daily, year-long cohabitation. Couples need to take up separate interests (and friendship) as well as mutually shared ones, if they are not to get used to the more attractive elements of each other’s personalities.
Married couples are likely to exert themselves for guests - being amusing, discussing with passion and point — and then to fall into dull exhausted silence when the guests have gone.
As in all friendship, a husband and wife must try to interest each other, and to spend sufficient time sharing absorbing activities to give them continuing common interests. But at the same time they must spend enough time on separate interests with separate people to preserve and develop their separate personalities and keep their relationship fresh.
For too many highly intelligent working women, home represents chore obligations, because the husband only tolerates her work and does not participate in household chores. For too many highly intelligent working men, home represents dullness and complaints - from an over-dependent wife who will not gather courage to make her own life.
In such an atmosphere, the partners grow further and further apart, both love and liking disappearing. For too many couples with children, the children are allowed to command all time and attention, allowing the couple no time to develop liking and friendship, as well as love, allotting them exclusive parental roles.
35. According to the passage, which of the following statements is CORRECT?
A. Friendship in marriage means daily, year-long cohabitation.
B. Friendship can be kept fresh by both separate and shared interests.
C. Friendship in marriage is based on developing similar interests.
D. Friendship in marriage is based on developing separate interest.
36. The passage suggests that married couples become___.
A. unfriendly with guests
B. uninterested in guests
C. hostile when guests have left
D. quiet when guest have left
37. The passage seems to indicate at the end that children___.
A. help couples reinforce their friendship
B. make no impact on the quality of friendship
C. may pose obstacles in marital friendship
D. command less time and care than expected
Section II Skimming and scanning (10 points ,5 minutes.)
In this section there are seven passages with a total often multiple-choice questions. Skim or scan them as required and then mark your answers on your answer sheet.
First read the following question.
38. The writer is concerned about___.
A. budget housekeeping B. the retail trade C. computer skills
D. mental arithmetic
Now read Text D quickly and mark your answer on your answer sheet.
A lot of attention is being given to children who leave school unable to read or write. I think there should be equal concern for those who are unable to cope with simple mental arithmetic -particularly girls. It is often stated that today’s children are growing up in a computer world and they don’t need the same skills that their grandparents did. But is it any wonder that many young girls trying to cope with budget housekeeping fail for the simple reason they cannot keep accurate checks on their purchases? Shopping in markets is no source of cheap purchasing unless one is able to keep pace with the apparent mental agility of the vendor. Must we face the thought that at some time in the distant future everyone will need to carry in their handbag or pocket one of the miniature calculators?
First read the following question.
39. This is a letter of___.
A. reference B. application C. inquiry D. complaint
Now read Text F quickly and mark your answer on your answer sheet.
10 Garden Ave.
The Personnel Officer
Belgian Medico Ltd.
P0 Box 920
5th May 200___
With reference to your advertisement in the “Daily Star”, I’d like to apply for the position of translator with your firm. I hold a degree in German and French from the University of London. And I have worked as a translator for the past three years with Watson & Sons, Ltd., manufacturer of laboratory instruments, translating business correspondence from French and German into English. I am 25 years old and unmarried. I enjoy living and working in different countries and I should welcome the chance of moving to Belgium.
(Miss) Janet Holbrooke
First read the following question.
40. The passage is mainly about___.
A. loneliness B. experience C.memory D. isolation
Now read Text G quickly and mark your answer on your answer sheet.
Loneliness is a curious thing. Most of us can remember feeling most lonely when we were not in fact alone at all, but when we were surrounded by people. Everyone has experienced, at some time, that strong sense of isolation that comes over you when you are at a party or in a room full of happy laughing people. It suddenly seems to you as if everybody knows everybody else, everybody knows what is going on; everybody, that is, except you.
This feeling of loneliness which can overcome you when you are in a crowd is very difficult to get rid of. People living alone are advised to tackle their loneliness by joining a club or a society, by going out and meeting people.
First read the following question.
41. The author mainly discusses ___ of public transportation.
A. the price B. the types C. the improvement D. the advantage
Now read Text H quickly and mark your answer on your answer sheet.
The price of public transportation in Beijing has doubled twice since 1989, but it is still a bargain. Using the subway and minibuses used to show class status; now people of all classes take them, while some wealthy prefer taxis or private cars. What a change in just a few years! But there are downfalls to having more cars on the roads. Fortunately, the government is aware of the problem. No-lead gasoline is the only one permitted in the city, and the rest of the country follows. Thousands of trees are planted in and around the city every year. Children are taught why and how to protect the environment. At the same time, public transportation has marked real progress: buses are everywhere and run frequently. We no longer see those old buses with broke n windows. Instead, there are fast buses, double-decker buses, air-conditioned o r heated buses, all offering a good service.
First read the following questions.
42. Each participating team should at least have ___
A. two B.three C.four D. five
43. Participants can bring along their ___ to the competition.
A. Christmas trees B. Christmas presents C. festival costumes D. decoration materials
Now read Text H quickly and mark your answers on your answer sheet.
With Christmas Day around the corner, Hong Kong’s Provisional Regional Council announced that a Christmas tree decoration competition will be held on Sunday in conjunction with the ongoing Regional Council Festival. Members of the public are welcome to take part in the competition as families or small groups. Each team should be formed by at least three persons. A total of 99 Christmas trees of 1.5 metres in height will be available for the participating teams to decorate. Participants can bring along their own decoration materials and to use their imagination and creativity to achieve the best results.
Each participating team can take home the Christmas tree it has decorated as a souvenir. In addition, there will be cash awards for the winners.
First read the following questions.
44. If you only have time for a half-day trip, which day would you choose?
A. Sunday 23 July. B. Saturday 15 July. C. Wednesday 9 August. D. Saturday 5 August. 45. Which of the following trips offers you the opportunity to see Georgian architecture?
A. Trip One. B. Trip Two. C. Trip Three. D. Trip Four.
Now read Text I quickly and mark your answers on your answer sheet.
Saturday 15 July Stratford-upon-Avon and “Julius Caesar”
The coach will leave at 9 am, allowing a couple of hours to visit Stratford before the performance of “Julius Caesar” at the Royal Shakespeare Theatre. Back around 7:30 pm.
Sunday 23 July Bath
The spa town of Bath contains the country’s finest Roman ruins, and much elegant Georgian architecture. The coach will depart at 9 am, returning at around 6:30 pm.
Saturday 5 August Stratford-upon-Avon and “The Taming of the Shrew” Another chance to visit Stratford. “The Taming of the Shrew” stars Josie Lawrence in the title role. The coach will leave at 9 am, returning at around 7:30 pm.
Wednesday 9 August Oxford and “A Midsummer Night’s Dream” A half-day trip to Oxford. The coach will leave at 2:15 pm, allowing an afternoon to see the sights before one of Shakespeare’s most popular plays at the Playhouse Theatre. Back after the show.
First read the following questions.
46. Which nation is thought to be business-minded?
A. The Dutch. B. The Italians. C. The British. D. The Germans.
47. The opinions seem to be most divided on___.
A. the Germans B. the Dutch C. the French D. the British
First read the following question.
47. The passage advertises overseas___.
A. jobs B. studies C. travel D. aid
Now, go through TEXTK quickly and answer question 47.
Are you looking for something interesting to do? Then why not work abroad for a year or two? We have jobs in most parts of the world —including Europe, Africa and Southeast Asia. We have jobs for teachers, doctors, nurses, engineers, car mechanics and many others. Why not see the world? We cannot offer you very much money, but the work is interesting. You can learn another language and work with people, too. For more information write to us at:
NEW HORIZONS JOB CENTER,
110 Spring Gardens,
London SW ! 7BC
Please send your personal information (date of birth, educational qualifications, interests. experiences, etc.)
Now read Text O quickly and mark your answers on your answer sheet.
Some of the data from a survey on national stereotypes in some European countries is summarized below: Germans Liked themselves best of all. Most Europeans agreed that the Germans had the highest proportion of good qualities. They considered themselves very tolerant, but nobody else did. French Not really admired by anyone except the Italians. Other Europeans found them conservative, withdrawn, brilliant, superficial. Also, not very friendly, British mixed reactions. Some found them calm, reserved, open- minded, others thought they were insular and superior. The British most admired the Dutch. Italians generally considered by everyone to be lazy and untrustworthy, and the Italians agreed! Most also found them to be charming, hospitable and noisy.
. The Italians admired the French. Hardly anyone loved the Italians except the French.
Dutch most admired people in Europe—except by their neighbours—the Belgians. Everyone agreed that the Dutch are hardworking, thrifty, good-natured, tolerant and business-minded.
Part III (15points, 30 minutes)
Section I :Error Correction (10points, 15minutes)
Culture refers to the social heritage of a people - the learned
patterns for thinking, feeling and acting that characterize a
population or society, include the expression of these patters in S1.____
material things. Culture is compose of nonmaterial culture - S2. ____
abstract creations like values, beliefs, customs and institutional
arrangements - and material culture - physical object like S3. ____
cooking pots, computers and bathtubs. In sum, culture reflects
both the ideas we share or everything we make. In ordinary S4. ____
speech, a person of culture is the individual can speak another S5. ____
language - the person who is unfamiliar with the arts, music, S6. ____
literature, philosophy, or history. But to sociologists, to be
human is to be cultured, because of culture is the common world S7. ____
of experience we share with other members of our group.
Culture is essentially to our humanness. It provides a kind S8. ____
of map for relating to others. Consider how you feel your way
about social life. How do you know how to act in a classroom,
or a department store, or toward a person who smiles or laugh S9. ____
at you? Your culture supplies you by broad, standardized, S10. ____
ready-made answers for dealing with each of these situations.
Therefore, if we know a person's culture, we can understand
and even predict a good deal of his behavior.
Section B Short Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part there is a short passage with 8 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in fewest possible words. Your answer may be a word, a phrase, or a short sentence. Write your answers in the spaces provided on the right of the page.
Sport is one of the world’s largest industries, and most athletes are professionals who are paid for their efforts. Because an athlete succeeds by achievement only—not by economic b ground or family connections—sports can be a fast route to wealth, and many athletes play n for money than for love.
This has not always been true. In the ancient Olympics the winner got only a wreath of olive leaves (橄榄叶花环). Even though the winners became national heroes, the games remained amateur for centuries. Athletes won fame, but no money. As time passed, however, the contests became increasingly less amateur and cities began to hire athletes to represent them. By the fourth century A.D., the Olympics were ruined, and they were soon ended.
In 1896, the Olympic games were revived (使再度兴起)with the same goal of pure amateur competition. The rules bar athletes who have ever received a $50 prize or an athletic scholar or who have spent four weeks in a training camp. At least one competitor in the 1896 games met these qualifications. He was Spiridon Loues, a water carrier who won the marathon race, after race, a rich Athenian offered him anything he wanted. A true amateur, Loues accepted only a cart and a horse. Then he gave up running forever. But Loues was an exception and now, as the Chairman of the German Olympic Committee said, “Nobody pays any attention to these rules.” Many countries pay their athletes to train year-round, and Olympic athletes are eager to sell their names to companies that make everything from ski equipment to fast food.
Even the games themselves have become a huge business. Countries fight to hold the Olympics not only for honor, but for money. The 1972 games in Munich cost the Germans 545 million dollars, but by selling medal symbols, TV rights, food, drink ,hotel rooms, and souvenirs (纪念品), they managed to make a profit. Appropriately, the symbol of victory in the Olympic Games is no longer a simple olive wreath—it is a gold medal.
S1. To many people, sports today is nothing S1.________
but S1 .
S2. What do most athletes of today go after? S2.________
S3. What reward could an ancient Greek athlete S3.________
expect? S3 .
S4. By the fourth century A.D., Olympic contests S4.________
became increasingly more S4 .
thus ruining the Olympics.
S5.When the Olympic Games were revived in S5.________
1896, athletes who had received special
training in camps would be S5 .
S6. What did Spiridon Loues do after he accepted S6.________
the Athenian’s gift? S6 .
S7. According to the author, some athletes are S7.________
Even willing to advertise for businesses
Which sell things like S7 .
S8. The 1972 Munich games managed to make S8.(1)________
a big profit mainly by S8(1) services (2)________
and selling S8(2) .
Part IV Writing (15 points, 30 minutes)
You are supposed to hand in your book report for the Extensive Reading Course on Monday, but you are two days late. Now you are outside Professor Lin’s office as you want to hand in your assignment, but he is not in. Write a note to him, apologizing and explaining why you didn’t give him your work on time.
You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Wang Dong” instead. You do not need to write the address.