| 大学英语四级模拟试题(3) |
|I. LISTENING COMPREHENSION |
1. A) The sun. B) Their children.
C) Right and wrong. D) The weather.
2. A) At a lawyer's office. B) At a library.
C) At a post office. D) At an airport.
3. A) 45 minutes. B) 50 minutes.
C) 55 minutes. D) 5 minutes.
4. A) The man was caught in the rain last night.
B) The man's shoes were washed away last night.
C) In spite of the rain, the show went on.
D) The show was prevented from being performed.
5. A) The style changes very often.
B) Women like fashionable clothes.
C) It is silly to follow the woman fashion closely.
D) It is foolish to spend too much money on clothes.
6. A) ?? 12.00. B) ?? 7.50. C) ?? 6.00. D) ?? 9.00.
7. A) It's not as good as it was. B) It's better than it used to be.
C) It's better than people say. D) It's worse than people say.
8. A) To move out of her way. B) To show her his hands.
C) To help her carry the case. D) To come up stairs.
9. A) 2:00 pm. B) 8:00 pm. C) 6:00 pm. D) 4:00 pm.
10. A) It is prettier. B) It is bigger.
C) It has a prettier color. D) It has a bigger yard.
Passage 1 Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) The development of cement.
B) The uses for cement.
C) Various construction materials.
D) Cement-producing countries.
12. A) An Egyptian. B) An ancient Roman.
C) An Englishman. D) A Frenchman.
13. A) In a kitchen. B) In a stone quarry(2éêˉ3?).
C) In a chemistry laboratory. D) In a brick mill.
Passage 2Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) Mr. White's umbrella had been hiden by someone in the church.
B) Mr. White had lost his umbrella on his way to the church.
C) Someone had taken Mr. White's umbrella by mistake.
D) Someone had stolen Mr. White's umbrella.
15. A) He received several letters.
B) He received several umbrellas.
C) No one returned his umbrella.
D) Someone promised to return his umbrella.
16. A) Because he wanted to get his umbrella back.
B) Because his friend gave him good advice.
C) Because he wanted to frighten the thief.
D) Because the umbrella was given by his uncle.
Passage 3 Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) In 1959. B) In 1867. C) In 1896. D) In 1872.
18. A) A foolish thing. B) Seward's Folly.
C) Johnson's Folly. D) President's Foolishness.
19. A) Because it is hard to find natural resources.
B) Because it is hopeless to find natural resources.
C) Because it is poor in natural resources.
D) Because it is rich in natural resources.
20. A) To study its importance in war.
B) To study its volcanoes.
C) To enjoy its freezing weather.
D) To enjoy its beauty of nature.
II. VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE
21. Someone must have left the tap on, _______ the water was running over
and flooding the bathroom.
A) therefore B) nevertheless
C) for D) but
22. My aunt lost her car last summer, but it turned _______ a week later
at a house in the next village.
A) on B) over C) out D) up
23. Find a seat quickly, _______ there won't be any left.
A) if not B) otherwise
C) or rather D) or
24. During the rush hours everyone is doing two men's work, _______ is
impossible without noise and quarrelling.
A) which B) that C) it D) for that
25. He has got himself into a dangerous situation _______ he has no
A) because B) as C) over that D) over which
26. They made _______ of 1,000 pounds on the sale of their house.
A) a gain B) a profit C) a benefit D) an increase
27. _______ the building for stolen goods, the police found twenty
A) Searching B) Being searching
C) Searched D) To search
28. The ancient Egyptians believed all illnesses were related to
_______ was eaten.
A) which B) it C) what D) that
29. It is one thing to enjoy listening to good music, but it is quite
_______ to perform skillfully yourself.
A) another B) troublesome
C) a difficult thing D) a hard job
30. Passenger ships and ______ are often equipped with ship-to-shore
or air-to-land radio telephones.
A) aircrafts B) aircraft
C) the planes D) also the planes
31. How are you _______ your physics experiment?
A) keeping up with B) getting along with
C) making up for D) holding on to
32. Not until the year of 1954 _______ made the capital of this
A) the city was B) when the city was
C) was the city D) was when the city
33. How many times have I told you _______ football on the street?
A) do not play B) not to have played
C) not to play D) not your playing
34. She still kept _______ hold of one of William's hands, and looked up
in his face.
A) stiff B) tight C) rigid D) close
35. Mr. Brown advised us to withdraw _______.
A) so as not to get involved B) so as to get not involved
C) as not to get involved D) as to get not involved
36. He knows little of mathematics, _______ of chemistry.
A) as well as B) no less than
C) and still little D) and still less
37. Never before that night _______ the extent of my own power.
A) had I felt B) I had felt
C) did I feel D) I did felt
38. When Mary paid the bill, she was given a _______ for her money.
A) cheque B) ticket C) receipt D) label
39. Having been elected chairman of the student association, _______.
A) the members applauded him
B) a speech was to be given by him
C) the members congratulated him
D) he gave a short acceptance speech
40. When Joyce was told the whole story, she _______ in the film.
A) ceased to be interesting B) ceased being interested
C) ceased to interest D) ceased interested
41. _______ you understand the rules, you will have no further difficulty.
A) While B) Unless C) Whether D) Once
42. We would like to hear some more ideas. _______ this matter?
A) What do you think of B) How do you think of
C) What is your opinion to D) How is your idea on
43. Because I don't take any sugar in my tea, I _______ to forget to
offer it to other people.
A) like B) come C) tend D) have
44. Mr. Johnson _______ the opportunity to speak to the president.
A) realized B) held
C) seized D) discovered
45."The weather looks _______ improving at last."
"Yes, I feel _______ a stroll along the beach."
A) for/like B) as if/for
C) like/like D) as/that
46. She has lost her handbag with _______ of money in it.
A) a considerable sum B) a valuable sum
C) an important sum D) an extraordinary sum
47. The finance minister has not been so _______ since he raised taxes to
such a high level.
A) famous B) favourable C) popular D) preferable
48. He had deceived a great many people but she _______ him at once.
A) saw into B) saw through
C) looked into D) looked through
49. Everything about your composition is perfect ______ the poor spelling.
A) except B) except for
C) apart from D) besides
50. He is an outstanding lawyer ; _______, he should have a good income.
A) therefore B) because
C) however D) and then
Movie makers feared for a while
that they might be put out of busi-
ness by television. Recently, __51__, 51. A) especially B) further
more and more people have been going C) however D) moreover
to the movies. This __52__ be partly 52. A) might B) could
because the economic situation in C) should D) may
America has become __53__ . In the 53. A) better B) worse
movies, you forget your troubles as C) best D) improved
you get __54__ in the story on the 54. A) connected B) encouraged
screen. Also, directors have been C) involved D) shocked
producing pictures that __55__ 55. A) large B) small
numbers of people want to see. C) few D) little
Americans__56__ the millions are 56. A) of B) in
C) for D) with
returning to a love__57__ with the 57. A) event B) occurrence
C) accident D) affair
movies. Motion picture __58__ experts 58. A) industry B) deal
C) manufacture D) contract
see two main __59__ for this: an 59. A) excuses B) factors
C) reasons D) proofs
increased need by Americans to __60__ 60. A) hide B) separate
from economic worries and a large C) break D) escape
number of new movies with broad au-
dience __61__ . 61. A) appeal B) interest
Movie makers admit that their C) consideration D) concern
__62__ popularity is __63__ the 62. A) raising B) falling
C) rising D) losing
63. A) by no means B) partly
C) insufficienly D) completely
result of poor __64__ conditions, 64. A) cultural B) industrial
which traditionally bring an increase C) commercial D) economic
in theater __65__."When people are 65. A) attendance B) buildings
C) performances D) programmes
fearful__66__ the future, they look 66. A) to B) about
C) with D) at
for escape,"__67__ Jack Valenti, 67. A) claims B) comments
president of the Motion Picture C) commends D) complains
Association of America."In a __68__ 68. A) shaded B) darkening
theater, with a 65-foot screen, you C) colourful D) lighted
lose __69__for two and a half hours 69. A) reason B) worry
C) taste D) yourself
People find this __70__ ." 70. A) beneficial B) harmful
C) unhealthy D) humorous
IV. READING COMPREHENSION
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
In the primary school, a child is in a comparatively simple setting and most of the time forms a relationship with one familiar teacher.On entering secondary school, a new world opens up and frequently it is a much more difficult world. The pupil soon learns to be less free in the way he speaks to teachers and even to his fellow pupils. He begins to lose gradually the free and easy ways of the primary school, for he senses the need for a more cautious approach in the secondary school where there are older pupils. Secondary staff and pupils suffer from the pressuresof academic work and seem to have less time to stop and talk. Teachers withspecialist roles may see hundreds of children in a week, and a pupil maybe able to form relationships with very few of the staff. He has to decidewhich adults are approachable; good schools will make clear to every youngperson from the first year what guidance and personal help is available--but whether the reality of life in the institution actually encouragesrequests for help is another matter.
Adults often forget what a confusing picture school can offer to achild. He sees a great deal of movement, a great number of people-oftenrather frightening-looking people-and realizes than an increasing numberof choices and decisions have to be made. As he progresses through theschool the confusion may become less but the choices and decisions requiredwill increase. The school will rightly expect the pupil to take the firststeps to obtain the help he needs, for this is the pattern of adult lifefor which he has to be prepared, but all the time the opportunities for per-sonal and group advice must be presented in a way which makes them easy tounderstand and within easy reach of pupils.
71. According to the passage one of the problems for pupils entering
secondary schools is that _________ .
A) they are taught by many different teachers
B) they do not attend lessons in every subject
C) the teachers do not want to be friendly
D) the teachers give most attention to the more academic pupils
72. In secondary schools, according to the writer, every pupil having
problems should ________ .
A) know how to ask for help
B) be freed from the pressure of academic work
C) be able to discuss his problems in class
D) be able to discuss his problems with any teacher
73. In this passage, the author is mainly concerned about ________ .
A) academic standards
B) the role of specialist teachers
C) the training of the individual teachers
D) the personal development of pupils
74. Why do the pupils in the secondary school lose the free and easy ways
of the primary school?
A) Older pupils are superior to them.
B) They are afraid of being punished by teachers.
C) They feel that they need to behave more carefully.
D) They should meet the needs of older pupils.
75. Which of the following is TRUE?
A) Knowledge learning in the secondary school is more challenging
than that in the primary school.
B) Teaching in the primary school is more challenging than that in the
C) Teachers with specialist roles may see few students in a week.
D) A pupil may form relationships with a lot of staff.
Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage:
Ours has become a society of employees. A hundred years or so ago onlyone out of every five Americans at work was employed, i.e., worked forsomebody else. Today only one out of five is not employed but working forhimself. And when fifty years ago"being employed"meant working as afactory labourer or as a farmhand, the employee of today is increasinglya middle-class person with a substantial formal education, holding aprofessional or management job requiring intellectual and technical skills.Indeed, two things have characterized American society during these lastfifty years: middle-class employees have been the fastest-growing groupsin our working population -- growing so fast that the industrial worker,that oldest child of the Industrial Revolution, has been losing in numeri-cal importance despite the expansion of industrial production.
Yet you will find little if anything written on what it is to be anemployee. You can find a great deal of very dubious advice on how to geta job or how to get a promotion. You can also find a good deal of workin a chosen field, whether it be the mechanist's trade or book keeping(?á??). Every one of these trades requires different skills, sets differentstandards, and requires a different preparation. Yet they all have em-ployeeship in common. And increasingly, especially in the large businessor in the government, employeeship is more important to success than thespecial professional knowledge or skill. Certainly more people fail becausethey do not know the requirements of being an employee than because theydo not adequately possess the skills of their trade; the higher youclimb the ladder, the more you get into administrative or executive work,the greater the emphasis on ability to work within the organization ratherthan on technical abilities or professional knowledge.
76. It is implied that fifty years ago _______.
A) eighty per cent of American working people were employed in factories
B) twenty per cent of American intellectuals were employees
C) the percentage of intellectuals in the total work force was almost
the same as that of industrial workers
D) the percentage of intellectuals working as employees was not so
large as that of industrial workers
77. According to the passage, with the development of modern industry,
A) factory labourers will overtake intellectual employees in number
B) there are as many middle-class employees as factory labourers
C) employers have attached great importance to factory labourers
D) the proportion of factory labourers in the total employee
population has decreased.
78. The word 'dubious' (Line 2, Para. 2) most probably means _______.
A) valuable B) useful C) doubtful D) helpful
79. According to the writer, professional knowledge or skill is _______.
A) less important than awareness of being a good employee
B) as important as the ability to deal with public relations
C) more important than employer-employee relations
D) as important as the ability to co-operate with others
80. From the passage it can be seen that employeeship helps one _______.
A) to be more successful in his career
B) to be more specialized in his field
C) to gain professional ability
D) to develop his professional skill
Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage:
The United States court system, as part of the federal system of go-vernment, is characterized by dual hierarchies: there are both state andfederal courts. Each state has its own system of courts, composed of civiland criminal trial courts, sometimes intermediate courts of appeal, and astate supreme court. The federal court system consists of a series oftrial courts (called district courts) serving relatively small geographicregions (there is at least one for every state), a tier of circuit courtsof appeal that hear appeals from many district courts in a particular geo-graphic region, and the Supreme Court of the United States. The two courtsystems are to some extent overlapping, in that certain kinds of disputes(such as a claim that a state law is in violation of the Constitution) maybe initiated in either system. They are also to some extent hierarchical,for the federal system stands above the state system in that litigants(persons engaged in lawsuits) who lose their cases in the state supremecourt may appeal their cases to the Supreme Court of the United States.
Thus, the typical court case begins in a trial court -- a court ofgeneral jurisdiction -- in the state or federal system. Most cases go nofurther than the trial court: for example , the criminal defendant isconvicted (by a trial or a guilty plea) and sentenced by the court andthe case ends; the personal injury suit results in a judgment by a trialcourt (or an out-of-court settlement by the parties while the courts suitis pending) and the parties leave the court system. But sometimes the losingparty at the trial court cares enough about the cause that the matter doesnot end there. In these cases, the"loser"at the trial court may appealto the next higher court.
81. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A) Civil and criminal trial courts.
B) Trial court cases.
C) The court system in the United States.
D) The appeal court process.
82. According to the passage district courts are also known as_______.
A) circuit courts B) supreme courts
C) intermediate courts D) trial courts
83. In the last sentence of the first paragraph, the phrase"engaged in"
could best be replaced by which of the following?
A) committed to. B) involved in.
C) attentive to. D) covered in.
84. The passage indicates that litigants who lose their cases in the state
trial court may take them to _______.
A) different trial court in the same state
B) court in a different geographic region
C) federal trial court
D) state supreme court
85. It can be inferred from the passage that typical court cases are _______.
A) always appealed
B) usually resolved in the district courts
C) always overlapping
D) usually settled by the Supreme Court
Questions 86 to 90 are based on the following passage:
In the late 1960's, many people in North America turned theirattention to environmental problems, and new steel-and-glass skys-crapers were widely criticized. Ecologists pointed out that a clusterof tall buildings in a city often overburdens public transportationand parking lot capacities.
Skyscrapers are also lavish consumers, and wasters, of electricpower. In one recent year, the addition of 17 million square feet ofskyscraper office space in New York City raised the peak daily demandfor electricity by 120,000 kilowatts -- enough to supply the entirecity of Albany, New York, for a day.
Glass-walled skyscrapers can be especially wasteful. The heatloss (or gain) through a wall of half-inch plate glass is more thanten times that through a typical masonry wall filled with insulationboard. To lessen the strain on heating and air-conditioning equipment,builders of skyscrapers have begun to use double-glazed panels ofglass, and reflective glasses coated with silver or gold mirror filmsthat reduce glare as well as heat gain. However, mirror-walled skyscra-pers raise the temperature of the surrounding air and affect neighboringbuildings.
Skyscrapers put a severe strain on a city's sanitation(?àéú) facilities,too. If fully occupied, the two World Trade Center towers in New York Citywould alone generate 2.25 million gallons of raw sewage(????) each year --as much as a city the size of Stamford, Connecticut, which has a populationof more than 109,000.
Skyscrapers also interfere with television reception, block bird flyways,and obstruct air traffic. In Boston in the late 1960's, some people evenfeared that shadows from skyscrapers would kill the grass on Boston Common.
Still, people continue to build skyscrapers for all the reasons that they have always built them -- personal ambition, civic pride, and the desire of owners to have the largest possible amount of rentable space.
86. The main purpose of the passage is to _______.
A) discuss the advantages and disadvantages of skyscrapers
B) compare skyscrapers with other modern structures
C) describe skyscrapers and their effect on the environment
D) illustrate various architectural designs of skyscrapers
87. According to the passage, what is one disadvantage of skyscrapers that have
A) The exterior surrounding air is heated.
B) The building materials are very expensive.
C) Construction time is increased.
D) Extra air-conditioning equipment is needed.
88. According to the passage, which aspect of skyscrapers were some residents
of Boston concerned with in the late 1960's ?
A) The poor reception of radio and TV signals.
B) The removal of trees and grass from building sites.
C) The harmful effects on the city's plants.
D) The obstruction of air traffic.
89. Which of the following groups would the skyscraper issue most concern?
A) Electricians. B) Environmentalists.
C) City planners. D) Television viewers.
90. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A) Skyscrapers provide more usable space than other buildings.
B) The skyscrapers first appeared in the late 1960's.
C) Where there are skyscrapers, television reception is poor.
D) The two World Trade Center towers are skyscrapers.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a compositionon Educational Enrollment in China of 1978 and 1983, based on the informationin the chart below. Compair the figures of 1978 and 1983. Give possible ex-planations. Your composition should be in three paragraphs and be no lessthan 120 words. Remember to write clearly.
You should write this composition on the Composition Sheet.
1978 (Million) 1983 (Million)
Primary Schools 146.23 135.82
Secondary Schools 65.54 43.94
Specialized Schools 0.897 1.37
Universities and Colleges 0.854 1.20