| 大学英语四级模拟试题(4) |
|LISTENING COMPREHENSION |
1. A) He must read a lot of books.
B) He doesn't like history.
C) He can't get the books he needs.
D) He has lost his watch.
2. A) Mild. B) Warm. C) Hot. D) Cold.
3. A) The light couldn't be turned off.
B) The hot water was running.
C) There was no hot water.
D) There was no heat.
4. A) Tom was unable to hear well.
B) Tom didn't say anything at the meeting.
C) Tom didn't listen to him.
D) Tom went out before the meeting was over.
5. A) In a restaurant. B) At a post office.
C) In a hotel. D) At the railway station.
6. A) She couldn't find where the courses were offered.
B) She has already taken one.
C) The courses are not well organized.
D) Not all the courses are bad.
7. A) ?? 15. B) ?? 150. C) ?? 60. D) ?? 30.
8. A) 8:30. B) 7:30. C) 8:00. D) 9:00.
9. A) Finish the novel. B) Return the novel.
C) Lend the novel D) Read the novel.
10. A) He is a secretary. B) He is a newspaperman.
C) He is a novelist. D) He is a businessman.
Passage 1Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) He wasn't satisfied with its size.
B) He wasn't satisfied with its power.
C) There were no units for measuring power.
D) There were few people who liked this engine.
12. A) Lifting a 3,300-pound weight 10 feet into the air in one hour.
B) Work a horse could do in one hour.
C) Lifting a 3,300-pound weight 10 feet into the air in 10 minutes.
D) Work a horse could do in one minute.
13. A) Watt's Engine
B) The Beginning of Horsepower
C) Units of Measure
D) How to Measure an Engine
Passage 2Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) He doesn't think flying is fun.
B) He feels he is a bus driver.
C) He is responsible for the plane and the passengers.
D) He is governed by instruments and regulations.
15. A) He enjoyed more freedom.
B) Flying was entirely different then.
C) He had no responsibility at all.
D) He relied on his experience only.
16. A) By looking at the roof of every house.
B) By calling a station for information.
C) By landing immediately.
D) By following a railway line.
Passage 3Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) Because she did not speak, except when it was necessary.
B) Because she could always find people who were able to help her.
C) Because she had a guide who could speak English well.
D) Because she had always had a pencil and some paper with her.
18. A) In a restaurant in an Italian city.
B) At a market in the south of Italy.
C) In a restaurant in an Italian village.
D) At a market in the north of Italy.
19. A) She had difficulty explaining where she had seen mushrooms.
B) She had difficulty giving her order for food.
C) Her trouble was that the waiter was a foreigner too.
D) Her trouble was that the waiter was impatient.
20. A) Because he thought she had drawn one.
B) Because she mispronounced the word.
C) Because it started to rain.
D) Because it was what she had seen at the market.
VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE
21. _______ four years since John left school.
A) It was B) It is
C) They have been D) Those are
22. The doctors have tried _______ to save his life, but failed.
A) everything humanly possible
B) humanly everything possible
C) humanly possible everything
D) everything possible humanly
23. By 1922, for example, Australia had _______ than it had people.
A) fifteen times more of sheep B) fifteen times sheep more
C) fifteen more times of sheep D) fifteen times more sheep
24. Laser beams can carry long-signals _______ somewhat similar to radio
A) in directions B) by means of
C) in ways D) according to
25. Shaking hands is a _______ way of greeting.
A) conventional B) conditional
C) original D) conversational
26. I hope their plan will work, but they themselves are very __________
that it will.
A) confident B) concerned C) doubtful D) suspicious
27. Tom's father wants to send him to medical school _______ .
A) to make him become a doctor B) for making him a doctor
C) to make a doctor from him D) to make a doctor of him
28. _______ , he never helps the poor.
A) As he is rich B) Even he is rich
C) Rich as he is D) Rich even though he is
29. She didn't come to the party though she _______ us she would.
A) agreed B) accepted C) offered D) promised
30. What you should say in your speech is entirely _______ you.
A) up to B) due to
C) owing to D) according to
31. His casual explanation made the problem _______.
A. to be even more complicating
B. even more complicated
C. being even more complicated
D. be even more complicated
32. _______, William Shakespeare is the most widely known.
A) With all writers in English
B) For all writers in English
C) Unlike all the writers in English
D) Of all writers in English
33. I'd just as soon _______ these important documents with you.
A) that you won't take B) your not taking
C) you didn't take D) you not take
34. I have finished typing all _______ the last page.
A) until B) to C) but D) for
35. Mary, leave the windows open, __________?
A) do you B) will you
C) wouldn't you D) don't you
36. There is no _______ in going to school if you're not willing to learn.
A) reason B) aim C) point D) purpose
37. We have a great need for energy because of our _______ life-style.
A) fastly-paced B) fastly-pacing
C) fast-paced D) fast-pacing
38. I don't _______ that as a serious mistake.
A) recommend B) regard
C) remember D) think
39. The day will come_______ coal and oil will be used as raw materials
rather than fuels.
A) as B) while C) when D) whether
40. These trees cannot be grown in such a cold _______ as ours.
A) weather B) season C) space D) climate
41. I lost too much money betting at the horse race last time, so you won't
_______ me to go again.
A) convince B) impress C) persuade D) hope
42. When Mr. Jones gets old, he will ______ over his business to his son.
A) take B) hand C) think D) get
43. _______ you are free tonight, why not drop in and play chess with me?
A) For B) Since C) Because D) Even if
44. I can complete the job on time _______ he will help me.
A) whether B) if C) when D) though
45. There was a suggestion that the ordinary citizen _______ authority
to arrest wrong-doers.
A) giving B) be given C) be giving D) given
46. She regrets _______ idle when young.
A) to have been B) her being
C) her having been D) having been
47. Don't you think it is time you _______ smoking?
A) give up B) would give up
C) gave up D) must give up
48. The theory of continental drift can _______ the occurrence of earthquakes.
A) interpret B) express
C) account for D) make clear
49. ______ people attended the meeting last night.
A) Hundreds of B) Hundred of
C) A hundred of D) Hundred and hundred of
50. Don't bother me. Do what you _______. I don't care.
A) will B) will like
C) would D) would like
American teenagers have always
worked for extra pocket money. More
than their predecessors, today's
adolescents are __51__ to work long 51. A) about B) fond
hours during the week for hundreds of C) likely D) possible
dollars each month. They spend the
money __52__ themselves rather than 52. A) by B) on
C) in D) for
__53__ it to their families. In a 1987 53. A) contributing B) contribute
C) paying D) pay
__54__ of 16,000 high school seniors 54. A) view B) inspection
C) observation D) survey
nationwide, it was __55__ that eighty 55. A) suggested B) found
percent of students who work spend C) recommended D) advised
their earnings on their own needs,
__56__ clothing, stereo equipment, 56. A) for example B) such as
C) that is to say
D) in other words
records and __57__. __58__ five 57. A) going to the movie
B) going to movies
C) movies D) the movie
percent said they contributed most 58. A) Other B) Only
of their income, which often exceeded C) Additional D) Further
??200 a month, to help pay family
living __59__ . 59. A) expenses B) money
The benefits of this work-and- C) values D) charges
spend ethic are being __60__ debated. 60. A) furiously B) heatedly
C) thoroughly D) entirely
__61__ experts, and many parents, 61. A) No B) All
C) Any D) Some
__62__ that year-round part-time 62. A) insist B) demand
employment increases youngsters' sense C) suggest D) require
of worth, teaches them financial__63__ 63. A) accounts B) ability
C) responsibility D) well-being
and reduces tension -- and thus __64__ 64. A) crash B) conflict
-- within the family. C) battle D) struggle
Others, __65__, argue that working 65. A) furthermore B) therefore
teenagers are inappropriately separat- C) however D) besides
ed, physically and financially, __66__ 66. A) in B) with
C) from D) by
their families, which __67__ parental 67. A) weakens B) loses
authority. C) reduces D) destroys
Teenagers' schoolwork can also
__68__. "When youngsters work for 68. A) be suffered B) suffer
C) be suffered from
D) suffer from
luxuries, they are buying __69__ 69. A) destruction B) separation
from education," said a program C) affection D) distraction
director for the U.S. Department of
Education. Working teenagers them-
selves say they have __70__ time to 70. A) more B) less
spend with friends and family. C) reduced D) sufficient
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
It was very late before Guglielmo followed his brother up to bed, foran extraordinary idea had come to him. If a spark could cause ether wavesto travel to another machine across a room and make that machine spark,why couldn't a bigger spark make waves travel a longer distance and causeanother spark, say, a mile away? And, by using long and short sparks, whycouldn't this be used to send messages by Morse Code? Indeed, why shouldn'tmessages be sent this way over great distances, using the ether instead ofwires?
The elder man found his young brother poor company during the rest ofthat holiday, for Guglielmo was so interested in his idea that he couldnot take his thoughts off it.
At last they arrived home at their father's mansion outside Bjologna,and young Marconi hurried to his laboratory to start his experiments.Assisted by his brother Alfonso, who, although nine years his senior, was not ashamed to work under this brilliant young scientist, he struggled formonths testing his idea. At last, to their joy, they got the instrument atthe other end of the room to give its answering spark.
Marconi now decided to show his father that there really was somethingin this idea of his, for Signor Marconi, who had made a large fortune inbusiness, had not a great deal of faith in his youngest son's science.
At last the apparatus was ready, and Guglielmo invited his father andmother to come to the laboratory.
Signor Marconi entered, his good-humoured face beaming."What is thisnew toy you have made, my boy?"he asked.
"Listen." the young inventor said, and he pressed a switch.
Faintly, in the lower part of the big house, an electric bell rang.
"Well?"his father inquired.
"There are no wires running to that bell. Don't you see what it means.Father? Messages can be sent through space without wires to carry them."
But Signor Marconi was not convinced."Let me take one of your machinesdown to the lawn. Then, if you can send me a signal, I'll believe you."he said.
Marconi took him at his word. A little later he was back in the lab, hishand on the morse key. Through the window he could see his father at thereceiver. The young man's heart thumped as he tapped ?- the test signal, S,which telegraphists use. He could tell by the expression on his father'sface that the message had got through.
That evening Signora Marconi talked to her husband and on the followingday Guglielmo was overjoyed to receive from his father 5,000 lire -- about??250 -- to help with his experiments.
71. According to Gaglielmo _______.
A) any spark could send ether waves to wherever it wanted
B) ether waves could be used to operate machines
C) messages could be sent by ether instead of wires
D) bigger sparks could travel a mile and send messages
72. In Guglielmo's opinion, the distance ether waves travel depends on
A) the force of a spark
B) the size of the room
C) the type of the machine
D) the way the machine is operated
73. Guglielmo was so taken up with the idea that _______.
A) he decided to put an end to his holiday
B) stayed up late wondering about it
C) he paid little attention to anything else
D) he didn't want to stay with his brother
74. His father didn't see the point of his invention till _______.
A) he heard the bell ring
B) he saw the apparatus
C) he listened to his son's explanation
D) he received the signal himself with the machine
75. What is implied in the passage?
A) Guglielmo was better than his brother in science.
B) His father was so fascinated by his invention that he proposed to
C) Guglielmo discovered that a spark can make other waves travel.
D) Morse Code was invented by the Marconi brothers.
Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage:
Yellow fever is a disease of warm lands that is found mainly along theshore of the Atlantic Ocean. It was first noticed in the Americas, but maywell have come form Africa and reached the New World with or soon afterColumbus. Until about fifty years ago, yellow fever was still one of themost feared diseases in the United States, where many died in repeated out-breaks. An outbreak which was to lead to surprising developments was onethat happened in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
As a result, an army group under Major Walter Reed was sent there inJune, 1900 with orders "to give special attention to questions concerningthe cause and prevention of yellow fever". In a daring group of experimentsusing human beings, Major Reed proved the truth of an idea advanced in 1881by a Cuban doctor, that the city type of mosquito passed on the disease.
The successful result of these experiments gave birth to another andstill more important idea: kill off the city type of mosquitoes and therewill be no more yellow fever. Fortunately these mosquitoes are one of theeasiest types to destroy. They are born in pools of quiet, warm water,within a short distance to people's home.
So to Havana came a General with orders from the United States Govern-ment to dry up these pools. He carried out his task so well that the mos-quitoes disappeared. With them went yellow fever, never to return to Havana.A few years later the same General successfully repeated this operation inPanama and in this way made possible the building of the Panama Canal. Itall seemed so simple. End the mosquitoes: end the disease. Man even beganto dream of getting rid of yellow fever from the world.
Meanwhile one question still remained unanswered. The city type of mosquitoes carried the fever, without doubt, but how? After many experi-ments, a member of the United States Army Yellow Fever Commission decidedthat the disease must be carried by something too small to be seen. Ofhis own free will, this devoted scientist decided to allow himself to bebitten by an infected mosquito. Then, taking some of his infected blood,he injected it into three other members of the group who wanted to help.Two of the three got yellow fever -- and recovered. This showed that thedisease was carried by a virus (2???) too small to be seen through the
microscopes of the day.
76. Yellow fever is found mainly around _______.
A) the Atlantic Ocean B) Any warm ocean
C) the Americas D) Any warm country
77. The outbreak which stirred the interest of the US Army was in _______.
A) Cuba B) Spain
C) Panama D) the United States
78. One of the reasons that yellow fever was defeated was that _______.
A) some people were willing to sacrifice themselves for others
B) doctors were well trained
C) orders of the army had to be carried out at any cost
D) public feeling was strong against the disease
79. When the doctors found that blood samples could carry the disease,
they examined them with microscopes and saw _______.
A) nothing B) virus
C) germs D) different signs of disease
80. The building of the Panama Canal was made possible by _______.
A) the success of the Spanish-American War
B) the work of the United States Army
C) the killing of mosquitoes nearby
D) development of special drugs
Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage:
It's never easy to admit you are in the wrong. Being human, we allneed to know the art of apologizing. Look back with honesty and think howoften you've judged roughly, said unkind things, pushed yourself ahead atthe expense of a friend. Then count the occasions when you indicatedclearly and truly that you were sorry. A bit frightening, isn't it? Frightening because some deep wisdom in us knows that when even a smallwrong has been committed, some mysterious moral feeling is disturbed; andit stays out of balance until fault is acknowledged and regret expressed.
I remember a doctor friend, the late Clarence Lieb, telling me abouta man who came to him with a variety of signs: headaches, insomnia andstomach trouble. No physical cause could be found. Finally Dr. Lieb saidto the man, "Unless you tell me what's worrying you, I can't help you."
After some hesitation, the man confessed that, as executor of hisfather's will (ò???), he had been cheating his brother, who lived abroad,of his inheritance. Then and there the wise old doctor made the man writeto his brother asking forgiveness and enclosing a cheque as the firststep in restoring their good relation. He then went with him to the mailbox in the corridor. As the letter disappeared, the man burst into tears."Thank you,"he said,"I think I'm cured."And he was.
A heartfelt apology can not only heal a damaged relationship but alsomake it stronger. If you can think of someone who deserves an apology fromyou, someone you have wronged, or judged too roughly, or just neglected,do some-thing about it right now.
81. When we have done something wrong, we should_______.
A) look honest and think over the fault carefully
B) escape from being disturbed
C) admit the fault and express the regret
D) forgive ourselves
82. What will happen if we have done something wrong?
A) Our logic of thinking will be disturbed.
B) We shall be sad.
C) We shall apologize at once.
D) Our moral balance will be disturbed.
83. What exactly was the patient's trouble?
A) The losing of a friend.
B) headaches, insomnia, and stomaches.
C) Something wrong with his conscience.
D) Some unknown physical weakness.
84. What had the patient done to his brother?
A) He had sent his brother abroad.
B) He had been dishonest to his brother.
C) He had given just a little share of the inheritance to his brother.
D) He had been too busy to write to his brother.
85. The patient was cured by_______.
A) writing a letter
B) crossing a cheque
C) asking his brother to forgive him
D) mailing a letter
Questions 86 to 90 are based on the following passage:
In 1791 the French nation, in the midst of a revolution, wished to breakwith the past, especially with those aspects of it which they consideredillogical and useless. One of those was the traditional system of weightsand measures in use. Not only was the system overtly complicated, but italso varied widely from place to place.
In constructing the new system, the French began by setting up a unitof distance equal to one forty-millionth part of the earth's circumference(?2?ü). Unfortunately, later measurements showed that the unit designed wasnot exactly that fraction, but they continued to use it. (Today the unit isdefined simply as the distance between two marks on a platinumiridium (2??e)bar kept in a suburb of Paris). The unit is the meter, and the system ofmeasurements based on this unit is the metric system, the system today usedby scientists the world over.
The metric system is built in units of ten, Greek prefixes showingmultiples and Latin prefixes showing fractions. The Greeks had no word for anumber larger than ten thousand and the Romans had none for a number largerthan one thousand, but the system was extended by using less specific words;for instance megameter (one million meters) is derived from a Greek word thatmeans simply"large".
86. The French constructed a new system of weights and measures because
A) their system did not conform to other nations' systems
B) they were in the midst of a revolution
C) simplifying the old system proved difficult
D) they wished to break with the past
87. The selection says that the traditional system of measurements in France
A) varied widely from place to place
B) was useless
C) was based on a complicated logic
D) both A and B
88. The new system was to be developed from _______.
A) a single basic unit
B) a worldwide standard of measurement
C) an old Greek system
D) the smallest unit of traditional system
89. At first the basic unit was to equal _______.
A) one-millionth part of the earth's circumference
B) the distance between two marks on a platinumiridium bar
C) one forty-millionth part of the earth's circumference
D) one forty-millionth part of the earth's diameter
90. When the basic unit was proved inexact, the French _______.
A) reconstructed the entire system
B) changed to another system
C) redefined the meter
D) returned to the traditional system of measurements
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composi-tion on Can Road Accident Be Avoided?#fs in three paragraphs. You are giventhe first sentence of each paragraph. Your part of the composition shouldbe no less than 100 words, not including the words given. Remember to writeclearly.
You should write this composition on the Composition Sheet.
Can Road Accidents Be Avoided?
There are more and more road accidents in our cities. _____________
Some people say that traffic accidents can hardly be cut down._____
In fact, most road accidents can be avoided.