| 大学英语四级模拟试题(5) |
|LISTENING COMPREHENSION |
1. A) Take her to the airport. B) Take the report to a typist.
C) Repair the typewriter. D) Type for a few minutes.
2. A) The man will probably go to Canada for his vacation.
B) The man will probably stay home for his vacation.
C) The man will probably not go to Canada for his vacation.
D) The man will probably wait until summer to go to Mexico.
3. A) 9:10. B) 9.20. C) 8:40. D) 9:30.
4. A) Stay home and do her own exercise.
B) Rest and take care of herself.
C) Catch up with her reading.
D) Take a walk with her friends.
5. A) At school. B) At the office.
C) At home. D) At the telephone.
6. A) In a restaurant. B) In a museum.
B) At a concert. D) At a flower shop.
7. A) Traveling a lot. B) Getting a lot of exercise.
C) Working too hard. D) Waiting for the train.
8. A) ??300. B) ??112. C) ??150. D) ??200.
9. A) Doctor and patient. B) Boss and employee.
C) Father and daughter. D) Teacher and student.
10. A) Something happened to her car.
B) The highway was too crowded.
C) She did some shopping on her way to the office.
D) She got up too late to catch the bus.
Passage 1 Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) Because the speaker was an artist.
B) Because she was always hard-working.
C) Because she liked the artist's paintings.
D) Because the subject was important.
12. A) 7:30. B) 9:00. C) 8:30. D) 9:30.
13. A) She did not know how to set an alarm clock.
B) She had difficulty getting up early.
C) She often missed her classes.
D) She did not like her brother-in-law.
Passage 2Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) potatoes. B) Happiness.
C) Physical attraction. D) Love.
15. A) Wedding is not essential to marriage.
B) Wedding is necessary for a good marriage.
C) Love is not essential to marriage.
D) Love is harmful to a good marriage.
16. A) Cultures.
B) Love and Marriage.
C) Marriage--A Traditional Practice.
D) Marriage and Wedding.
Passage 3Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
17. A) It came from gods. B) It came from thunder.
C) It was a natural phenomenon. D) It was a weapon.
18. A) The first metal wires. B) The first lightning rod.
C) Metal fences. D) Electricity.
19. A) About one person per day dies from lightning in the U.S.
B) About 365 persons per year die from lightning in the U.S.
C) About one person per hour dies from lightning in the U.S.
D) About 30 persons per month die from lightning in the U.S.
20. A) At open doorways. B) Under a tree.
C) On the high ground. D) In a closed car.
VOCABULARY AND STRUCTURE
21. Those are very pleasant rooms? How much do you _______ them?
A) want B) ask C) demand D) ask for
22. I have so much work to do that a holiday for me this year is______ .
A) in question B) out of question
C) out of the question D) at random
23. His parents no longer worry about him. He has a good job and can live
A) at his own. B) by his own
C) on his own D) with his own
24. Her face _______ when she told a lie.
A) gave her off B) gave her out
C) gave her away D) gave her up
25. John's youngest son is _______ architecture.
A) making up for B) putting up for
C) going in for D) standing up for
26. On my present salary, I just can't _______ a car which costs over
A) adapt B) adopt C) afford D) elect
27. It was four hours before she _______ after the operation on her heart.
A) came round B) carried through
C) got across D) restored
28. The purpose of the research had a more different meaning for them
than _______ .
A) ours B) it did for us
C) that of ours D) it did from us
29. _______ by an exercise of self-control _______ he allowed
himself to raise his eyes as they came in.
A) It was only / that B) Only / that
C) It was only / when D) It was only / had
30. A table made of steel costs more than ______ made of wood.
A) that B) which C) one D) it is
31. Are the students _______ about the examination?
A) talking B) discussing
C) saying D) telling
32. It has always _______ me why you believe the Earth is flat.
A) worried B) wondered C) puzzled D) confused
33. Since you are to catch the early train tomorrow morning, we _______ now.
A) had better to leave B) must have left
C) might as well leave D) should have to leave
34. It was very cold _______ they still went swimming.
A) but B) in spite that
C) however D) though
35. By the end of 1908, most scientists began to accept the aeroplane
A) a reality B) to be a reality
C) as a reality D) being a reality
36. By the time John reached the plateau he was _______.
A) exhaustive B) exhaustible
C) exhausted D) exhausting
37. The car was repaired but not quite to the owner's _______.
A) pleasure B) satisfaction
C) joy D) attraction
38. Since the light is out in their room, they _______.
A) may have slept B) must have gone to bed
C) might go to bed D) can have gone to bed
39. I could tell he was surprised from the _______ on his face.
A) appearance B) shock C) sight D) expression
40. I never _______ a chance of improving my English if I can help it.
A) miss B) lose C) avoid D) waste
41. Although I spoke to him many times, he never took any _______ of
what I said.
A) notice B) attention
C) consideration D) warning
42. They don't _______ students run in the corridors.
A) allow B) permit C) approve D) let
43. His fear of flying was _______ he always traveled by boat.
A) so that B) such as C) such that D) so far as
44. The large vase in which he kept his umbrella for many years
_______ to be a valuable piece of Chinese pottery.
A) came round B) turned up
C) turned out D) figured out
45. _______ we are aware, there were no problems during the first six months.
A) As far as B) Much more than
C) So much D) Except that
46. Only recently _______ to realize the dangers caffeine might bring to
A) have scientists begun B) scientists have begun
C) that scientists began D) that did scientists begin
47. The photo _______ happy memories of my early childhood.
A) refreshes B) brings to mind
C) recalls D) reminds myself
48. His energetic efforts met with only _______ success.
A) partial B) slight C) entire D) complete
49. She was standing so close to the electric heater that her night-dress
A) took B) caught C) set D) became
50."Does your family call you very often?"
"Yes, my mother calls about once a week and _______."
A) so my brother does B) so does my brother
C) my brother does so D) does so my brother
New York is one of the last Ame-
rican cities to have some of its
policemen on horseback. The New York
police have 170 __51__ that they use 51. A) stations B) horses
C) policemen D) men
in certain parts of the __52__. The 52. A) city B) area
horses are expensive to feed, but C) state
__53__ is even more expensive to 53. A) there B) that
C) what D) it
take care of them. __54__ the horses 54. A) When B) If
must walk on the streets, they need C) Although D) Because
special horseshoes. In __55__, they 55. A) short B) conclusion
need more than 8,000 of them each C) fact D) practice
year. __56__ police horse in New York 56. A) One B) No
C) The D) Every
__57__ new shoes every month. Keeping 57. A) gets B) accepts
C) wants D) makes
these shoes __58__ good repair is the 58. A) for B) with
job of six blacksmiths. There are only C) in D) by
about thirty-five of these blacksmiths
in the __59__ United States. 59. A) whole B) most
A blacksmith's job is not an easy C) all D) large
__60__ . He must be __61__ to shape 60. A) matter B) thing
C) problem D) one
61. A) sure B) able
C) ready D) possible
a shoe from a __62__ of plain metal 62. A) piece B) bit
C) lot D) type
and then fit it __63__ the horse's 63. A) with B) into
C) on D) to
hoof. The blacksmith must bend __64__ 64. A) down B) on
C) over D) above
all the time he is fitting the __65__ 65. A) horse B) shoe
C) metal D) hoof
and must hold the __66__ of the 66. A) back B) position
horse's leg while he works. Clearly, C) end D) weight
a blacksmith must be very __67__ . 67. A) hard B) quick
C) strong D) important
But even more __68__ , he must be able 68. A) important B) wonderful
C) serious D) clear
to deal __69__ horses -- for before 69. A) about B) with
C) at D) for
the blacksmith can __70__ his work, 70. A) learn B) finish
he has to get the horse to lift its C) begin D) find
Questions 71 to 75 are based on the following passage:
British Columbia is the third largest Canadian province, both in areaand population. It is nearly 1.5 times as large as Texas, and extends 800miles (1,280 km) north from the United States border. It includes Canada'sentire west coast and the islands just off the coast.
Most of British Columbia is mountainous, with long, rugged ranges runningnorth and south. Even the coastal islands are the remains of a mountain rangethat existed thousands of years ago. During the last Ice Age, this range wasscoured by glaciers until most of it was beneath the sea. Its peaks now showas islands scattered along the coast.
The southwestern coastal region has a humid mild marine climate. Seawinds that blow inland from the west are warmed by a current of warm waterthat flows through the Pacific Ocean. As a result, winter temperaturesaverage above freezing and summers are mild. These warm western winds alsocarry moisture from the ocean.
Inland from the coast, the winds from the Pacific meet the mountainbarriers of the coastal ranges and the Rocky Mountains. As they rise tocross the mountains, the winds are cooled, and their moisture begins tofall as rain. On some of the western slopes almost 200 inches (500 cm)of rain fall each year.
More than half of British Columbia is heavily forested. On mountainslopes that receive plentiful rainfall, huge Douglas firs rise in toweringcolumns. These forest giants often grow to be as much as 300 feet (90 m)tall, with diameters up to 10 feet (3 m). More lumber is produced fromthese trees than from any other kind of tree in North America. Hemlock,red cedar, and balsam fir are among the other trees found in BritishColumbia.
71. With which aspect of British Columbia is the passage primarily concerned?
A) Its climate. B) Its culture.
C) Its geography. D) Its history.
72. In which part of British Columbia can a mild climate be found?
A) In the southwest. B) Inland from the coast.
C) In the north. D) On the entire west coast.
73. In Paragraph 5, the word"heavily"could best be replaced by which of the
A) widely. B) densely.
C) chiefly. D) largely.
74. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a tree found in British
A) Hemlock. B) Cedar. C) Fir. D) Pine.
75. What effect do the mountains have on winds?
A) Make them dry. B) Make them wet.
C) Make them cool. D) Make them weak.
Questions 76 to 80 are based on the following passage:
When they advise your kids to"get an education"if you want to raise yourincome, they tell you only half the truth. What they really mean is to getjust enough education to provide manpower for your society, but not too muchthat you prove an embarrassment to your society. Get a high school diploma,at least. Without that, you are occupationally dead, unless your name happensto be George Bernard Shaw or Thomas Alva Edison and you can successfully drop
out in grade school.
Get a college degree, if possible. With a B.A., you are on the launchingpad (??è?¨|?§|??§???ì). But now you have to start to put on the brakes. If you go for amaster's degree, make sure it is an M. B. A., and only from a first-rateuniversity. Beyond this, the famous law of diminishing returns (?¨¤??ì3?§o|¨?Y????§|)begins to take effect.
Do you know, for instance, that long-haul truck drivers earn more a yearthan full professors? Yes, the average 1977 salary for those truckers was??24,000, while the full professors managed to average just ??23,930.
A Ph.D. is the highest degree you can get, but except in a few specializedfields such as physics or chemistry, where the degree can quickly be turned toindustrial or commercial purposes, you are facing a dim future. There are morePh.D.s unemployed or underemployed in this country than in any other partof the world by far.
If you become a doctor of philosophy in English or history or anthropologyor political science or languages or - worst of all - in philosophy, you runthe risk of becoming overeducated for our national demands. Not for our needs,mind you, but for our demands.
Thousands of Ph.D.s are selling shoes, driving cabs, waiting on tables andfilling out fruitless applications month after month. And then maybe taking ajob in some high school or backwater college that pays much less than thejanitor (??????§?§?) earns.
You can equate the level of income with the level of education only sofar. Far enough, that is, to make you useful to the gross national product,but not so far that nobody can turn much of a profit on you.
76. According to the writer, what the society expects of education is to turn
out people who _______.
A) will not be a shame to the society
B) will become skilled workers
C) can take care of themselves
D) can meet the demands as a source of manpower
77. If you are as gifted as Bernard Shaw or Edison, _______.
A) you can get a high school diploma without difficulty
B) you will be successful in a grade school
C) you can be professionally successful without a diploma
D) the least you should do is to get a diploma
78. Ph.D.s are most likely to _______.
A) have difficulties getting properly employed
B) be employed in the fields of commerce or industry
C) have to fill out application forms month after month for others
D) work in schools or colleges with low pay
79. Which of the following is NOT true?
A) Bernard Shaw didn't finish high school, nor did Edison.
B) There are far more Ph.D.s than the society demands.
C) The higher your education level, the more money you'll earn.
D) If you are too well-educated, you'll make things difficult for the
80. The writer is critical of _______.
A) the educational system B) the Ph.D.s
C) the society D) the employers
Questions 81 to 85 are based on the following passage:
Automobile drivers and passengers now face a new, unseen danger on theroad: the users of cellular mobile telephones. Looking at the phone whiledialing or speaking can prevent drivers from keeping their hands on thewheel and their eyes on the road; industry experts agree that drivers aremore likely to have an accident while using their phones. That fact hasexcited concern among highway safety organizations in the United States,and some want to ban cellular phones altogether. While manufacturers havenot yet come up with a cellular mobile phone that is completely "hands free",several companies have recently developed components that could make mobilephones less distracting -- and their users less accident prone.
Voice Control Systems, Inc., based in Dallas, Tex., has developed amicroprocessor unit that allows standard cellular telephones to "dial"numbers at the sound of a human voice. The Voice Dialer unit is attachedto the phone's transmitter and receiver in the car's trunk. Programmedwith a limited vocabulary, it can respond only to digits and specificcontrol commands spoken by the users, who must pause a quarter of a secondbetween each digit or command. (Frequently dialed numbers can be preprog-rammed into simple, single command codes.) The driver picks up the handset,and begins calls by saying "Dial," followed by the number or command code;a synthesized voice will repeat the number sequence and place the calltold to "Send." A unique aspect of the Voice Dialer is that it is speakerindependent; the unit will respond to any voice regardless of gender,accent or tone.
81. Cellular mobile telephones are telephone sets _________.
A) used in cars
B) capable of being moved in offices or at home
C) shaped like cells
D) controlled by human voices
82. Drivers using cellular mobile telephones are prone to accidents because
A) telephone conversation distracts users from driving
B) drivers are often not skillful enough to use them
C) they are not reliable
D) they are not "hands free"
83. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A) The Voice Dialer unit is a device which dials numbers by human
voice, rather than by hand.
B) The Voice Dialer allows drivers to pay more attention on driving
C) The Voice Dialer unit can make cellular mobile phones completely
D) The Voice Dialer was developed by Voice Control Systems, Inc.
84. The Voice Dialer unit is programmed to respond to ____________.
A) what the user wants to say
B) a special vocabulary used by the driver
C) various commands spoken by the user
D) only the telephone numbers and specific control commands
85. This passage centres on ___________.
A) a new hazard on the road
B) different kinds of telephones
C) a safer car telephone
D) Voice Control Systems, Inc
Questions 86 to 90 are based on the following passage:
Having no language, infants cannot be told what they need to learn. Yetby the age of three they will have mastered the basic structure of theirnative language and will be well on their way to communicative competence.Acquiring their language is a most impressive intellectual feat. Studies ofhow children learn language generally agree that the most remarkable aspectof this feat is the rapid acquisition of grammar. Nevertheless, the ability
of children to conform to grammatical rules is only slightly more wonderfulthan their ability to learn words. It has been estimated that the averagehigh school graduate in the United States has a reading vocabulary of 80,000words, which includes idiomatic expressions and proper names of people andplaces. This vocabulary must have been learned over a period of 16 years.From the figures, it can be calculated that the average child learns at arate of about 13 new words per day. Clearly a learning process of greatcomplexity goes on at a rapid rate in children.
86. According to the passage, approximately how long does it take children
to learn the basic structure of their native language?
A) One year. B) Three years.
C) About two and half years. D) Thirteen years.
87. What is the main subject of the passage?
A) Language acquisition in children.
B) Teaching languages to children.
C) How to memorize words.
D) Communicating with infants.
88. The word "feat" in Line 6 is closest in meaning to which of the
A) Experiment. B) Idea.
C) Activity. D) Accomplishment.
89. In Line 10, the word "which" refers to _______.
A) their ability B) reading vocabulary
C) idiomatic expression D) learning process
90. According to the passage, what is impressive about the way children learn
A) They learn words before they learn grammar.
B) They learn even very long words.
C) They learn words very quickly.
D) They learn the most words in high school.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a compositionon A Hundred Years from Now in three paragraphs. You are given the first sen-tence each paragraph. Your part of the composition should be no less than 100words, not including the words given. Remember to write clearly.
You should write this composition on the Composition Sheet.
A Hundred Years from Now
Some people are pessimistic (?¨¤?￡¤1?|¨??) when they think about the future. __________________________________________________________________________
Other people believe that man adapts very easily.____________________
If we are to have a bright future, we have to take measures now._____