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大学英语四级模拟试题(6)
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Part II Reading Comprehension(35 minutes)

Directions:There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).You should decided on the choice that best answers the question or completes the statement.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre .

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

The ordinary family in colonial North America was primarily concerned with sheer physical survival and beyond that,its own economic prosperity.Thus,children were valued in terms of their productivity and they assumed the role of producer quite early.Until they fulfilled this role,their position,in the structure of the family was one of subordination,and their psychological need and capacities received little consideration.

As the society became more complex,the status(地位)of children in the family and in the society became more important.In the complex technological society that the United States has become,each member must fulfill a number of personal and occupational roles and be in constant contact with a great many other members.Consequently,viewing children as potentially acceptable and necessarily multifaceted(多方面的)member of society means that they are regarded more as people in their own right than as utilitarian(功利的)organisms .This acceptance of children as

equal participants in the contemporary family is reflected in the variety of statutes protecting the rights of children and in the social and public welfare programs devoted exclusively to their well-being.

This new view of children and the increasing contact between the members of society has also resulted in a surge of interest in child-rearing techniques.People today spend a considerable portion of their time conferring on the proper way to bring up children.It is now possible to influence the details of the socialization of another person's child by spreading the gospel(原则、信条)of current and fashionable theories and methods of child rearing.

The socialization of the contemporary child in the United States is a two-way transaction between parent and child rather than a one-way parent-to-child training program.As a consequence, socializing children and living with them over a long period of time is for parents a mixture of pleasure,satisfaction,and problem.

21.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

A)The Place of Children in United States Society

B)The Children of Colonial North America

C)The Development of Cultural Values

D)The Child as a Utilitarian Organism

22.According to the author,children in colonial North America were mainly valued for their .

A)academic achievements

B)survival instincts

C)physical characteristics

D)productive roles


23.What can be inferred from the passage about formal schooling in colonial North America?


A)Children were taught to learn from other children's success.


B)Children were taught to be more productive.


C)Schooling at that time was very undeveloped.


D)Teachers and parents would pay much attention to the children's psychological needs.


24.Which of the following does the author mention as a cause of changes in the role of the child in the United States?


A)An increase in technology.


B)The growing complexity of the child's psychological needs.


C)A decrease in the child's intellectual capacities.


D)The growing number of single parent families.


25.According to the passage parents have become increasingly interested in ____ .


A)their children's future occupations


B)having smaller families


C)adoptions programs for childless couples


D)child-rearing techniques


Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:


On June 17,1744,the officials from Maryland and Virginia held a talk with the Indians of the Six Nations.The Indians were invited to send boys to William and Mary College.In a letter the next day they refused the offer as follows:


We know that you have a high opinion of the kind of learning taught in your colleges,and that the costs of living of our young men,while with you,would be very expensive to you.We are convinced that you mean to do us good by your proposal and we thank you heartily.But you must know that different nations have different ways of looking at things,and you will therefore not be offended if our ideas of this kind of education happen not to be the same as yours.We have had some experience of it.Several of our young people were formerly brought up at the colleges of the northern provinces ;they were taught all your sciences;but when they came back to us they were bad runners,ignorant of every means of living in the woods,they were totally good for nothing.


We are,however,not the less obliged by your kind offer,though we refuse to accept it,and to show our grateful sense of it,if the gentlemen of Virginia will send us a dozen of their sons,we wi1l take care of their education,teach them in al1 we know and make men of them.


26.This passage is about ____ .


A)the colleges of the northern province


B)the problems of the Americans in the mid 18th century


C)the educational values of the Indians


D)the talk between the Indians and the officials


27.According to the letter,the Indians believed that____ .


A)they were being insulted by the offer


B)they knew more about science than the officials


C)it would be better for their boys to receive some schooling


D)they had a better way of educating young men


28.The Indian's chief purpose in writing the letter seems to ____ .


A)politely refuse a friendly offer


B)describe Indian customs


C)express their opinions on equal treatment


D)show their pride


29.Different from the officials'view of education,the Indians thought ____ .


A)they taught different branches of science


B)they should teach the sons of the officials first


C)they had different goals of education


D)young women should also be educated


30.The tone of the letter as a whole is best described as ____ .


A)pleasant B)polite C)inquiring D)angry


Questions 31 to 36 are based on the following passage:


The focusing or sharpening of the image is performed by a special apparatus.In every camera,the farther the object is from the eye,the farther forward—and the nearer the object is to the eye,the farther backward—is its image thrown.In photographers'cameras,the back is made to slide,and can be drawn away from the lens when the object that casts the picture near, and pushed forward when it is far.The picture is thus kept always sharp.But no such change of length is possible in the eyeball,and the same result is reached in another way.The lens, namely,grows more convex(凸面的)when a near object is looked at,and flatter when the object recedes.This change is due to the antagonism of the“ciliary muscle(睫状肌).The ligament(韧带),when the ciliary muscle is at rest,assumes such a spreadout shape as to keep the lens rather flat.But the lens is highly elastic;and it springs into the more convex form which is natural to it whenever the ciliary muscle,by contracting, makes the ligament relax its pressure.The contraction of the muscle,by thus tendering the lens more refractive,adapts the eye for near objects(“accommodatesit for them,as we say):and its relaxation,by rendering the lens less refractive, adapts the eye for distant vision.Accommodation for the near is thus the more active change,since it involves contraction of the ciliary muscle.When we look far off,we simply let our eyes go passive. We feel the difference in the effort when we compare the two sensation of change.


31.In order to focus on distant objects,the lens of the eye ____ .


A)becomes more convex B)becomes more active


C)becomes more refractive D)flattens


32.The ligament,when not acted on by the contraction of the ciliary muscle,____ .


A)maintains its pressure on the lens so that the lens remains flat


B)relaxes its pressure on the lens so that it remains convex


C)maintains its pressure on the lens so that the lens remains convex


D)relaxes its pressure on the lens so that it remains flat


33.Functionally,we may compare ____ .


A)the lens of the camera with the lens of the eye


B)the lens of the camera with the ciliary muscle


C)the lens of the eye with the sliding of the back of the camera


D)the sliding of the back of the camera with the adaptability of the eyeball


34.Which of the following activities is most tiring for the lens of the eye?


A)Looking at a distant mountain.


B)Being a“sidewalk superintendent.


C)Watching squirrels being fed.


D)Reading a book.


35.The tone of this passage can best be described as ____ .


A)professionally scientific B)argumentative


C)matter of fact and formal D)informal and matter of fact


Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:


Are you aware that you actually possess six senses?The sixth is a muscular sense responsible for directing your muscles intelligently to the exact extent necessary for each action you perform.For example,when you reach for an object,the sensory nerves linking the muscles to the brain stop your hand at the correct spot.This automatic perception of the position of your muscles in relation to the object is your muscular sense in action.


Muscles are stringy bundles of fibers varying from one five thousandth of an inch to about three inches.They have three unique characteristics: they can become shorter and thicker;they can stretch;and they can retract to their original po- sition.Under a high-powered microscope,muscle tissue is seen as long,slender cells with a grainy texture like wood.


More than half of a person's body is composed of muscle fibers,most of which are involuntary,in other words,work without conscious direction.The voluntary muscles,those that we move consciously to perform particular actions,number more than five hundred.Women have only 60 to 70 percent as much muscle as men for their body mass.That is why an average woman can't lift as much,throw as far,or hit as hard as an average man.


36.According to the selection,more than half of a person's body is composed of ____ .


A)involuntary muscles B)muscle fibers


C)sensory nerves D)voluntary muscles


37.Intelligent use of the muscles means that ____ .


A)one improves muscular action consciously


B)one always knows what his muscles are doing


C)one's muscles are used only to the extent necessary for each action they perform


D)one perform simple actions without working


38.An average woman is weaker than an average man because she has ____ .


A)60to 70percent less muscle for her body mass


B)only 60to 70percent as much musc1e for her body mass as an average man


C)less muscle fiber for her body weight


D)more voluntary muscles than an average man


39.Which of the following statements is implied but not stated?


A)Muscular sense involves automatic perception.


B)There are more than 500involuntary muscles in the body.


C)Muscle tissue is inflexible.


D)The muscular sense is more important than any other sense.


40.According to the passage,the muscular sense is responsible for ____ .


A)the normal breathing function


B)the work of only our voluntary muscles


C)directing our muscles intelligently


D)the efficiency of our muscles


Part III Vocabulary and Structure(20 minutes)


Directions:There are 30incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A),B),C)and D).Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.


4l.By the time jet aircraft could fly at a speed faster than sound,train transportation in the United States ____ over several decades.


A)was declining B)had been declining


C)has declined D)declined


42.Had Australia not been colonized by the British,English ____ there now.


A)will not be spoken B)is not spoken


C)would not have been spoken D)would not be spoken


43.I should like to rent a house,modern,comfortable and ____ in a quiet environment.


A)before all B)first of all


C)after all D)above all


44.This ____ was conducted to find out how many people prefer butter.


A)examination B)inspect C)survey D)analysis


45.There are some hobbies that can only be by people with plenty of time and money.


A)taken on B)taken over C)taken up D)taken in


46.He gave much attention and thought to his children.


A)looking out B)keeping up C)bringing up D)making out


47.It is estimated that the engine of this model is as twice powerful as the ____ one.


A)prior B)early C)former D)previous


48.His parents ____ of me whether we adapted to the new college life.


A)investigated B)knew C)heard D)inquired


49.Before leaving his office,the manager showed no sign of ____ our proposals.


A)bringing about B)showing off


C)responding D)pointing out


50.Please keep ____ about what you have just heard.


A)quiet B)still C)silent D)voiceless


51.We shall not succeed in controlling world population ____ we improve living conditions.


A)as B)unless C)while D)if


52.Candidates who wish to ____ from the examination must notify the secretary immediately.


A)resign B)remove C)suspend D)withdraw


53.I never expect you to ____ at the meeting.I thought you were abroad.


A)turn on B)turn out C)turn up D)turn off


54.The cost of the operation will need to be ____ very precisely.


A)carried out B)cut out C)filled out D)figured out


55.It was not until he had arrived home that he remembered not to be ____ that the safe was locked.


A)confirmed B)believed C)told D)assured


56.This company has decided to ____ its main office from Hong Kong to Pudong Development Zone in Shanghai.


A)transfer B)transform C)transplant D)transport


57.He will first explain the items of the contract to you and then you can discuss it ____ .


A)in particular B)for detail C)in addition D)at length


58.According to Nobel's famous will,the interest on his fund will be ____ to those who have made the greatest contributions to mankind during the previous year.


A)devoted B)distributed C)reserved D)assisted


59.The Americans and the British not only speak the same language but also ____ a large number of social customs.


A)share B)join C)take D)make


60.Everyone else was killed in the accident.I was the only one to ____ .


A)relieve B)alive C)release D)survive


61.Susan never laughed loudly,____ lose her temper.


A)or she ever did B)or did she ever C)nor did she ever D)nor she ever did


62.It is decided that no smoking ____ in the cinema.


A)is allowed B)be allowed


C)will be allowed D)should have been allowed


63.The size of the audience,I had expected,was well over three thousand.


A)who B)whom C)as D)that


64.We got to the station ____ only that the train we had planned to take had just left,so we had to take the coach.


A)exhausted;learned B)exhausted;to learn


C)exhausting;to learn D)to exhaust;learning


65.I told the stranger how to get there but perhaps I ____ him a map.


A)should have given B)had to give C)ought to give D)must have given


66. ____,all of the soldiers laid down on the ground immediately and could not move their bodies,very tied.


A)The task having been finished;felt


B)The task having been finished;feeling


C)Finished the task;felt


D)The task having been finished;having felt


67.I need a book dealing ____ anti-pollution problems.


A)about B)on C)with D)to


68.If Betty sets her mind on something there is nothing to hold her ____ .


A)up B)on C)back D)out


69.Though his appearance has changed so much,I recognized him the ____ I saw him.


A)instantly B)moment C)occasion D)time


70.Colour-blind people often find it difficult to ____ between blue and green.


A)distinct B)distinguish C)separate D)divide


Part IV Short Answer Questions(15 minutes)


Directions:In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements.Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words(not exceeding 10 words).


In the darkness of early morning many people waited.About ten miles away was an atom bomb that was set to go off.On a loudspeaker a voice was counting“...four,three,two,one,zero.


Zero—and nothing happened!Why didn't the bomb go off?Something had gone wrong.But no one knew what was the matter.


Now there was only one thing left to do.Some men must go and take the bomb apart.There was much danger in this work.If anything happened to make the bomb go off,it would be the end.


Three men were picked.It would be their task to go to the top of a five-hundred-foot tower. Up there in a little room was the atom for bomb. The men rode in cars to the tower.Then they got ready for the five-hundred-foot climb.They must go by ladder all the way.Each man carried a box of tools on his back.When they reached the top, they would be as high up as a forty-storey building.


As the men started the climb,they sawa rabbit hopping about.


“There is a lucky rabbit,if we make it,”said one of the men.


Up and up they climbed.Two hundred feet, three hundred feet,four hundred feet.Only one hundred feet left to go.How small the cars below looked—just like little toys!


At the top,the men stood at the door of the little room in which the bomb lay.With much care,the first man opened the door and went in. Everything looked all right;so the other two followed.


Carefully the men worked on the bomb.Now there was just one more step to go.They must pull the wires from the bomb.With a strong,even pull their work was finished.


Back on the ground the men again saw the rabbit.


“Yes,that is a very lucky rabbit,laughed one of the men.


“We were lucky too,said another.


Questions:


71.When was the atom bomb set to go off?

72.The tower was as high as .

73.How did the men get to the top of the tower?

74.Why were the men“lucky?

75.What is the story about?

Part V Writing(30 minutes)


Directions:For this part,you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic:IMPORTANT WORDS.You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese)below:


1.有三个词对于英语学习者来说非常重要。第一个是“谢谢。


2.第二个重要的词是“请。


3.我们还须学会说“对不起。


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