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倒装句总结

时间:2019-02-27 21:31来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
倒装的本质在于强调,强调和突出你想表达的句子的某个成分。 可以分为完全倒装和部分倒装,如果能够巧妙运用倒装,会为文章增添色彩。全倒装台词比较多(如舞台剧,In the house
倒装的本质在于强调,强调和突出你想表达的句子的某个成分。 可以分为“完全倒装”和“部分倒装”,如果能够巧妙运用倒装,会为文章增添色彩。全倒装台词比较多(如舞台剧,In the house lies a cat)。


强调副词,形容词,状语等的部分倒装,如hardly, In no way, little, scarcely, seldom, never, no more, no longer, no sooner开头的结构形式等等。

In no way开头:
地球百子第3季第8集(The 100 S03E08)片段:
In no way do we currently have the ammo for an extended series of firefights. Not even close. 目前我们的弹药无论如何也接不下一轮交火,还差得很远.


(下载英语事事通查看完整字幕和更多视频)

新概念3第5课中描述那位倒霉的记者被捕
原句:Not only had the poor man been arrested, but he had been sent to prison as well.
注意not only提前了had倒装了
not only… but … (as well)/but (also)…
It is not only legal, but it is also very popular.
Not only is it legal, but it is also very popular.

新概念3第4课
原句:Such is human nature, that a great many people are often willing to sacrifice higher pay for the privilege of becoming white-collar workers.
许多人常常情愿放弃较高的薪水以换取做白领工人的殊荣,此乃人之常情
正常语序应该是Human nature is such that…
such放到句首需要倒装。such is life.
such that —— 表“结果”,即 that 后面的句子所表达的是前面句子带来的结果,如你的例句.其它例子:His anxiety was such that he could not sleep.
so that —— 表“目的”,即 that 后面的句子所表达的是前面句子“计划”达到的目的.例:
I stopped so that you could catch up.
再看这两个句子,它们所表达的意义是不一样的:
The doctor changed Mary's medication such that she died.(这医生更换了Mary的用药,导致了她的死)
The doctor changed Mary's medication so that she died.(这医生更换了Mary的用药是想要她死)
新概念3第46课这句也类似:
So great is our passion for doing things for ourselves, that we are becoming increasingly less dependent on specialized labour.
现在我们自己动手做事的热情很高,结果对于专业工人的依赖越来越少了

新概念3第26课
Much as we may pride ourselves on our good taste, we are no longer free to choose the things we want,for advertising exerts a subtle influence on us.
尽管我们可以自夸自己的鉴赏力如何敏锐,但我们已经无法独立自主地选购自己所需的东西了。这是因为广告在我们身上施加着一种潜移默化的影响。
这里便用到了让步状语从句的倒装,在让步状语从句中运用倒装时,都可以把想突出的动词,形容词,副词提前,后面跟as/though (切记没有although),而这种让步状语从句的倒装最好变化它的形式,只需要把想突出的成分提到句首,后面跟as/though就可以了:
adj. + as + 主语+ 谓语
Rich as he is, he is not happy.
Tired as I was, I try to help them.
adv. (much ) + as + 从句
Much as I like you, I will not marry you.
Much as I hate do it, I must stay home and study English.虽然我不愿意这么做,但我今晚必须呆在家里学习英语。
v. + as + 主语 + 助动词
Try as they may, they will never succeed.即使他们很努力,但他们不会成功。
Object as my parents may, I decide to do it.不管我父母怎样反对,我都决定要这样做。

第37课,
Neither was I surprise when the train stopped at Widley… …
句首用Neither,整个句子也采用部分倒装形式。有时候我们为了避免句子部分内容不必要的重复,常用"so + be动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语"或"neither/nor + be动词(助动词、情态动词)+主语"的倒装句式。前者表示肯定,后者表示否定。

新概念3第40课
Only when he saw that the man was actually telephoning the police did he realize that they had all been the victims of a hoax.
当他看到那个工人真的是给警察挂电话,才恍然大悟,原来他们都成了一场骗局的受害者。
only 引导的时间状语从句或介词短语,以及条件状语从句在句首时,句子要倒装。
再如新概念3第60课
Only in a sparsely-populated rural community is it possible to disregard it.
只有在人口稀少的农村,才可以忽视准时的习惯。

条件语句中if省略倒装
一般出现在正式文体中,口语中比较少见
哈利·波特与火焰杯(Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire)片段:
Should your testimony prove consequential, council may be prepared to order your immediate release. 如果你真能提出重要证词, 法庭将会郑重考虑 减轻或取消你的判决'


(下载英语事事通查看完整字幕和更多视频)

新概念3第42课
The cave might never have been discovered had not the entrance been spotted by the distinguished French pot-holer, Berger.
若不是法国著名洞穴探险家伯杰由于偶然的机会发现了这个洞口的话,这个洞也许不会为人所知。

新概念3第56课
Next came a horse, swimming bravely,
正常语序为 A horse came next,在表达动作的简短句子里,为使句子表达生动和同前文更为紧凑,通常将“主语+动词+副词”这样的自然语序用倒装形式,即“副词+动词+主语”表示出来,如

不倒装的情况:
hardly + anyone 等不定代词时不倒装,在这相当于nobody; 或 nearly nobody, virtually nobody

新概念3第44课
Hardly anyone can positively enjoy sitting in a train for more than a few hours.
很少有人能够真正喜欢坐几个小时以上的火车。
 
完全倒装:
完全倒装的句子,开头大都是方位词(如In the house lies a cat)
新概念3第17课
a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.
located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river 位于两座小山之间,一条大河滔滔流过。
...which flowed a river 此处倒装为某些地点状语前置可以引起句子倒装。强调地点状语,将地点状语往前扔,主语放到了后面。
in the midst of,在......之中。A great river flowed in the middle of the two hills (责任编辑:admin)
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