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获得,取得:attain achieve accomplish, obtain, gain, ea

时间:2018-11-04 22:29来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
这一组动词都有“获得,取得”的意思,这些词的区别有的是可以通过词根词缀来区分的。
这一组动词都有“获得,取得”的意思,在考研和CET-6当中屡次出现它们之间的辨析。这些词的区别有的是可以通过词根词缀来区分的。

acquire 

v.多指经过努力逐步获得才能、知识、习惯等,也可用于对财物等的获得,该词强调“一经获得就会长期持有”的含义。quire本身有seek,search,ask(寻求,追求之意)
It is through learning that the individual acquires many habitual ways of reacting to situations.
正是通过学习,个人才得以获得应付各种情况的习惯做法。
新概念3相关例句:
After telling several of his friends about the theft, Dimitri found out that his neighbour, Aleko, had suddenly acquired a new lamb.
把失窃的事告诉几个朋友后,迪米特里发现他的邻居阿列科家突然多了一只小羔羊。
(Lesson 16  第12句)
The story of a poor family that acquired fame and fortune overnight, dramatically illustrates the power of the press.
下面这户穷人一夜之间出名发财的故事戏剧性地说明了新闻报道的威力。
(Lesson 45  第11句)
They had become the victims of commercialization, for their names had acquired a market value.
他们成了商业化的受害者,因为他们的名字具有了市场价值。
(Lesson 45  第28句)
and so they gradually acquire a value beyond their true worth.
因此这些东西慢慢获得了一种超出它本身的价值。
(Lesson 59  第11句)

attain

v.指经过不懈的努力获得未曾预料到的结果;也可指达到某一目标。(at表示加强,tain有拿的意思
attain one’s ambition
get success / attain success
The salesperson attained his sales goal for the month. 
这名销售员完成了当月的销售目标。
attain to / attain
attain to : 某人希望达到的成就
attain: 某人已经达到的成就
Eg: He has attained heights that I can never attain to.
This is the height that I hope to attain to.
This is the height that I have attained.

obtain

v.获得,买到,用于正式语体中。(ob这里有反的意思,tain有拿的意思,表示拿着,不让别人拥有或被别人拿走,有种在违反其他人意愿而取得意思
He obtained the property with a bank loan. 他通过向银行贷款买下了那份房产。
新概念3相关例句:
The journalist immediately set out to obtain these important facts,
记者立即出发去核实这些重要的事实,
(Lesson 5  第9句)
Obtaining 'protection money' is not a modern crime.
榨取'保护金'并不是一种现代的罪恶行径。
(Lesson 14  第6句)
Nor could he have foreseen how we could use the Internet to obtain information on every known subject,
他也无法预测到我们可以利用国际交互网获取有关任何已知专题的信息,
(Lesson 51  第29句) 
They were visited by a large colony of ants which obtained a sort of honey from them.
蚜虫遭到一窝蚂蚁的攻击,蚂蚁从它们身上可以获得一种蜜。

gain

v.指通过较大努力获得某种利益或好处;亦可指军事上的武力夺取等。
An investor gains by buying stocks that go up in value. 
投资者通过所买股票价格上涨而得利润。
新概念3相关例句:
During that time she so gained my aunt's confidence, that she was put in charge of the domestic staff.
在此期间,她赢得了姑母的赏识,甚至当上了大管家。
(Lesson 49  第23句)

earn

v.挣得,赢得,指因工作等而得到报酬或待遇。
How much do you earn a week? 
你一星期挣多少钱?

achieve

v.得到,获得,多指成就、目标、幸福的取得。指达到一定程度,标准,目标。chieve即chief(头),引申就是目标,标准
The movie star achieved success and wealth. 这个影星取得了成功和财富。
This is what he achieved after ten years of hard work.
We always cherish what we have achieved.

secure 

v.得到;把……拿到手,含有肯定占有难以得到的东西之意;使安全,保卫;
作形容词比较常见,意为“安全的”。
A million signatures have been secured. 已征集到了100万人的签名。
He secured the office before leaving it for the night. 他晚上离开前锁好了办公室的门窗。

accomplish 

成功地达到目的,强调结果,com全部+plish满,全部满了,已经完成了,强调完成的结果
accomplish one’s purpose / goal / dream / aim /work / task
He accomplished his journey.
I feel very happy because you accomplish your dream.

对应的名词形式

attainment n. 达到
accomplishment: 成就(修养,才艺,本领方面)
attainment 获得,得到
Eg: Such accomplishment is beyond your attainment.
His attainment is beyond my understanding.
His accomplishment is unexpected to me.
achievement / accomplishment
acquirement: 仅指精神上的获得
acquisition: 可以指泛泛的概念
the acquisition / acquirement of knowledge 知识的获得
the acquisition of money 金钱的获得
Eg:The acquisition of money is what a large number of people run after.
 
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